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Tomato Compound May Reduce Heart Disease Risks

Posted Feb 01 2013 10:09pm

Lycopene is an antioxidant compound present in red-and pink-colored fruits and vegetables, most notably tomatoes.  A number of previous studies suggest that circulating lycopene is inversely associated with cardiovascular disease risk. Paul F. Jacques, from Tufts University (Massachusetts, USA), and colleagues analyzed data collected on subjects enrolled in the Framingham Offspring Study, 314 of whom had cardiovascular disease, 171 people with coronary heart disease, and 99 people affected by stroke. The average lycopene intake among the study subjects was 7.9 mg per day. The team calculated the lycopene intake was inversely associated with a 17% reduction in cardiovascular disease incidence and a 26% decrease in coronary heart disease incidence; no association was observed for stroke incidence. The study authors submit that: "The present study of lycopene intake and [cardiovascular disease] provides supporting evidence for an inverse association between lycopene and [cardiovascular disease] risk.”

Paul F. Jacques, Asya Lyass, Joseph M. Massaro, Ramachandran S. Vasan and Ralph B. D'Agostino Sr.  “Relationship of lycopene intake and consumption of tomato products to incident CVD.”  British Journal of Nutrition, Jan. 13, 2013

  
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#115 - Emergency Water Disinfection
In the event of a natural disaster, which may compromise your access to water from your tap or bottle source, follow these techniques to purify water for drinking:

  Boiling - vigorously, for 10 minutes

  Bleaching - add 10-20 drops of household bleach per gallon of water, mix well, and let stand for 30 minutes. A slight smell or taste of chlorine indicates water is good to drink. (Note: do not use scented bleaches, colorsafe bleaches, or bleaches with added cleaners.)

  Tablets - commercially available purification tablets

  Solar disinfection, known as SODIS - a new technique developed by researchers at the Swiss Federal Institute for Environmental Science and Technology. Clear plastic bottles are filled with water and left in the sun. The heat warms the water and the combination of warm water and ultraviolet radiation kills most microorganisms. The Institute’s tests showed that 99.9% of the E. coli in a sample of contaminated water were killed when the sun heated the water beyond 122F (50C). At that temperature, disinfection takes about an hour, but placing a corrugated metal sheet under the bottle can shorten the time. Additional tests demonstrate SODIS as an effective approach for killing the cholera bacteria, Vibrio cholerae, and that it could inactivate parasites including the diarrhea-causing Cryptosporidium.
 
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