Thigh muscle injury is a common pain area for sports personnel. The thigh region consists of three sets of strong muscles: the hamstring muscles in the backthe quadriceps muscles in the front and the adductor muscles on the inner part of thigh. The quadriceps and hamstring muscles work together to help straightening and bending of legs. The adductor muscle helps in pulling the legs together. These muscles are used for high-speed activities like runninglong jump and hurdles. These activities can bring a muscle strain in thigh resulting in injuries.
Muscle strain occurs when a muscle is stretched beyond its limits. This can result in tearing the muscle fibers. It can also occur if there is a direct blow to the muscle. Muscle strain can be quite painful if blood vessels are broken in that particular area. Depending on the severity of the muscle strainit is classified as a firstsecond and third degree strain. A patient with a thigh muscle injury would have following symptoms:
1) A sudden sharp pain in the thigh region.
2) Pain while stretching the thigh.
3) Thigh pain during the resisted muscle contraction.
A patient with a muscle strain is subjected to RICE treatmentwhich symbolizes RestIceCompression and Elevation. Foremost step to stop the pain is to give a proper rest to the affected muscle. This can be done by stopping the activity that causes the strain. Ice packs can be used for 20 minutes at a time. This can be done several times a day. Using a elastic compression bandage is recommended to prevent additional swelling and blood loss. Elevation includes keeping the leg up at higher position than heart. This helps in minimizing swelling.
A doctor may recommend some pain relieving drugs like aspirin or ibuprofen to minimize the pain. Taking preventions is considered as the best method for thigh injuries. One must warm up before they start with the high speed activities like running and high jumping. One must stretch regularly to maintain the muscle length. Replenishing carbohydrates during the sport activities with energy bars and gels can prevent the injury large extent. Consulting a physician about the exercises programs depending upon the age and activity level can also help in prevention.