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The influence of uric acid treatments on liver glutathione system prevent oxidative damages in experimental autoimmune encephalo

Posted Nov 25 2009 10:05pm
By Allameh A, Maleklou N, Zargari M, Sanati MH.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, P.O. Box 14115-331, Tehran, Iran.

Recently we reported that antioxidant system in brain and spinal cord in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mice is mainly affected at early stages of the disease [M. Zargari, A. Allameh, M.H. Sanati, T. Tiraihi, S.H. Lavasani, O. Emadyan, Relationship between the clinical scoring and demyelination in central nervous system with total antioxidant capacity of plasma during experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis development in mice, Neurosci. Lett. 412 (2007), 24-28].

The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of uric acid (UA) on antioxidant system in liver and plasma of EAE mice. EAE was induced in C57/BL6 mice (n=60), followed by i.p. administration of UA (10mg/kg BW) in 30 mice at three distinct clinical stages (A: prior to onset, B: after onset, C: after development of EAE). Livers were removed and processed for measurement of lipid peroxidation products, reduced glutathione (GSH), and glutathione S-transferase (GST) and total antioxidant capacity of plasma (FRAP).

The results showed that lipid peroxidation products in liver of EAE mice was increased significantly ( approximately 85%) as compared to normal. UA administration to EAE mice caused a significant suppression of liver lipid peroxidation products ( approximately 45%) at early stages (A and B). There was an inverse relationship between lipid peroxidation and cellular GSH in liver. GSH was significantly depleted in mice liver during the EAE progression, but it was recovered ( approximately 29%) when UA was injected before the onset of the disease (groups A and B).

Plasma total antioxidant capacity was significantly decreased during the development of EAE, however it was subsided in mice treated with UA as compared to the corresponding controls (21%) in groups A and B. Elevated liver GST as a result of EAE induction was reversed in mice treated with UA particularly in groups A and B.

These results indicate that hepatic glutathione system, particularly GST plays a major role in modulation of oxidative damages to central nervous system (CNS) during EAE induction. The positive response of antioxidant system to UA administration in EAE mice was corroborated with improvement of clinical manifestation of the animals.

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