Most doctors recommend antibiotics for patients suffering from sinus infections. Are the effective? Not always which is why you should tell your doctor if it is doing well or not so something else can be given.
There are two types of antibiotics that are used for sinus infections. The first are known as narrow spectrum antibiotics. This means that it is designed to only fight a certain type of bacteria. The second are broad spectrum antibiotics that attack a wide range of bacteria.
Studies have shown that the second type is more effective but are more likely to promote antibiotic resistance. This is why most doctors will recommend the first type first then resort to the second when there is no other option. Here are a few of the antibiotics in the market.
The first are Aminoglycosides and these are classified as narrow spectrum antibiotics. This can be administered through irrigation or inhaling through the nose. Given that it is very strong, this should only be administered in the presence of a doctor because it has serious side effects that include damage to hearing, sense of balance and may cause damage to the kidneys.
You also have Macrolides are another form of narrow spectrum antibiotics as it is designed to fight the cocci bacteria. This can be taken orally and tests have shown that it is very effective in slowing or blocking protein formation in the bacteria.
There are also Cephalosporins which are broad spectrum antibiotics. This can be taken orally or through the ear and often used for patients who are resistant to penicillin. The side effects associated with this antibiotic are diarrhea and rashes.
Penicillin is not only used to treat people with kidney problems. They can also be used to fight bacterial that causes sinus infection by slowing metabolic functions vital to bacterial cell wall formation and by stimulating production of enzymes that eventually destroy cell walls. Thus, making it another example of broad spectrum antibiotics that will only attack actively multiplying bacteria and the two commonly used are amoxycillin and amoxycillin-clavulanate.
Among the antibiotics mentioned, Quinolones and Fluoroquinolones are rarely prescribed to patients. These two are broad spectrum antibiotics and although it is effective in treating legionella and mycoplasma, it can interfere with a patient’s DNA activity.
People should keep in mind that a sinus infection is different from a cold. The sinus infection can be caused by the cold and the only time that the doctor will prescribe an antibiotic is when this lasts longer than 7 days.
In order for the doctor to recommend the best antibiotic around, he or she must first identify the kind of bacteria that is present. To do this, the doctor will remove a swab of nasal discharge and let it grow into a bacterial culture in the laboratory.
If properly identified, the doctor will be able to prescribe the correct antibiotic and you will see an improvement within a day or two after starting the treatment. However, if you only feel better on the tenth day, your condition improved not because of the antibiotic but because your body was somehow able to fight the bacteria on its own.
Antibiotics can only be used if bacteria caused your sinus infection. Otherwise, something else will be recommended to fix the problem.