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Scleroderma: a case report of possible cause of restricted movement of the temporomandibular joint with effects on facial develo

Posted Sep 11 2009 4:57pm

BY...Defabianis P.

Scleroderma is a rare abnormality in which fibrosis of the skin, subcutaneous tissues and muscle may occur. All forms of scleroderma are rare in childhood: the most common form is localized scleroderma.

Localized scleroderma is often benign, but may cause significant deformity, if it occurs on the face or extends across joint surfaces. Structural changes may occur in the osseous tissue and result in mandibular joint restriction (pseudoankylosis) and facial and occlusal disharmonies.

This article describes a case of facial linear scleroderma in a nine-year-old child and the treatment performed to minimize consequences on occlusion and face development. Available clinical data will be illustrated.

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