Outcome of small-bowel motor impairment in systemic sclerosis—a prospective manometric 5-yr follow-up
Posted Sep 11 2009 4:56pm
By I. Marie and Colleague
To assess the 5-yr course of small-bowel motor disorders, using manometry in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), and to investigate for an association between small-bowel motor dysfunction outcome and other clinical manifestations of SSc.
Fasting and post-prandial motor activity of the small-bowel was systematically assessed in eight consecutive patients with SSc, using 24 h manometry: initially and at 5-yr follow-up.
At 5-yr follow-up, the eight SSc patients (100%) exhibited deterioration of small-bowel motor activity on manometry as follows: (1) more severe abnormalities of migrating motor complex phase III during the fasting period; (2) decreased median duodenal and duodeno-jejunal index during the post-prandial period; and (3) more frequent alterations of small-bowel motor activity in response to octreotide infusion. Furthermore, an association could be found between the deterioration of small-bowel motor function and pitting scars’ onset.
Our study underscores the rapid deterioration of small-bowel motor impairment in SSc patients (100%). It also highlights the usefulness of small-bowel manometry in symptomatic SSc patients in objectively defining both the characteristics and degree of motor impairment, which may influence the choice of medical treatment in patients, particularly octreotide therapy.