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Nanoparticles for Imaging and Treatment of Brain Tumors

Posted Aug 13 2009 5:00pm

Description of Invention:
Malignant brain tumors, whether arising within the brain or invading the brain from other tissues, are difficult to treat. Conventional chemotherapy drugs do not reach therapeutic levels in brain tumor tissue, and do not remain in brain tumor tissue for long enough to enter brain tumor cells and kill them. As a consequence, these chemotherapy drugs are not effective at treating malignant brain tumors growing in patients, even though these drugs are effective at killing brain tumor cells growing in culture.

This invention claims that intravenously administered functionalized polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers of certain sizes can selectively cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) of malignant brain tumors, and can accumulate over time within individual brain tumor cells. Gadolinium and fluorescent probe conjugated dendrimers with these properties can be used for simultaneous magnetic resonance and fluorescence imaging of brain tumor cells. Since these nanoparticles possess numerous additional surface functional groups, in addition to being useful for multi-modality imaging, functionalized dendrimers can also be useful for the simultaneous delivery of cytotoxic drugs and inhibitors of tumor cell metabolic or migratory pathways.

Applications:
  • Anatomic and metabolic imaging of brain and spinal cord tumors for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes
  • Intravenous treatment of brain and spinal cord tumors
  • Imaging of intravenous drug delivery to brain and spinal cord tumors
  • Potential to be used for imaging and treatment of other neurological disorders in which the BBB becomes porous


Advantages:
  • Intravenously administered nanoparticles selectively cross the BBB of brain tumors and accumulate within brain tumor cells but not normal brain cells
  • Nanoparticles accumulate in and are retained in brain tumor tissue for long enough to result in the effective uptake of nanoparticles by individual brain tumor cells
  • Nanoparticle size can be adjusted to achieve the desired particle blood half-life
  • A wide variety of agents can be attached to the functional groups on the nanoparticle exterior


Development Status:
  • Early stage development
  • Pre-clinical data available


Inventors:
Hemant Sarin (CC)


Patent Status:
HHS, Reference No. E-063-2008/1
PCT, Application No. PCT/US2009/003164 filed 22 May 2009


Licensing Status:
Available for licensing.


Portfolios:
Cancer
Cancer - Diagnostics
Cancer - Therapeutics



For Additional Information Please Contact:
Surekha Vathyam Ph.D.
NIH Office of Technology Transfer
6011 Executive Blvd. Suite 325,
Rockville, MD 20852
United States
Email: vathyams@mail.nih.gov
Phone: 301-435-4076
Fax: 301-402-0220


Ref No: 1842

Updated: 08/2009

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