Muramyl Dipeptide as a Therapeutic Agent for Inflammation
Posted Jun 15 2010 5:00pm
Description of Invention: The nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 2 (NOD2) protein plays a key role in innate immunity as a sensor of muramyl dipeptide (MDP), a breakdown product of bacterial peptidoglycan. Bacterial peptidoglycan promotes the innate immune response through the activation of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), which ultimately provokes inflammation. Activation of NOD2 by MDP negatively regulates the activity of TLR2, and thus reduces inflammation.
The inventors have demonstrated that administration of MDP prevents the development of experimental colitis in mice. They have also determined that MDP reduces pro-inflammatory cytokine production from multiple Toll-like receptors, and that this reduction arises from the induction of IFN regulatory factor 4 (IRF4). The technology includes methods of treating or preventing inflammation associated with an autoimmune disorder, particularly inflammatory bowel disease, via administration of muramyl peptide; also included are methods of reducing symptoms characteristic of inflammation via administration of muramyl peptide.
Applications: This technology has potential as an anti-inflammatory therapy for autoimmune or other inflammation-associated diseases, particularly inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.
Development Status: In vivo data are available in an experimental colitis mouse model, and in vitro data supporting mechanism of action also are available.
T Watanabe et al. Muramyl dipeptide activation of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 2 protects mice from experimental colitis. J Clin Invest. 2008 Feb;118(2):545-559. [ PubMed abs ]
Licensing Status: This technology is available for exclusive or non-exclusive licensing.
Collaborative Research Opportunity: The NIAID Laboratory of Host Defenses, Mucosal Immunity Section, is seeking statements of capability or interest from parties interested in collaborative research to further develop, evaluate, or commercialize this technology. Please contact either Rosemary Walsh or Charles Rainwater at 301-496-2644 for more information.
Portfolios: Internal Medicine Internal Medicine - Therapeutics In-vivo Data In-vitro Data
For Additional Information Please Contact: Tara Kirby Ph.D. NIH Office of Technology Transfer 6011 Executive Blvd. Suite 325, Rockville, MD 20852 United States Email: email@example.com Phone: 301-435-4426 Fax: 301-402-0220