A staple remedy of folk medicine, mulberry leaf extract is found to contain the compound 1-deoxynojirimycin (DNJ) – found to inhibit the activity of the enzyme involved in carbohydrate digestion. Hye In Chung, from Ewha Womans University (South Korea), and colleagues enrolled 50 healthy men and women, each of whom was randomly assigned to one of five groups: four groups received a maltose powder drink containing 0, 1.25, 2.5, or 5 grams of mulberry leaf extract; the fifth group drank a beverage with 5 grams of the extract 30 minutes before consuming the maltose solution. The team observed that both the 2.5 and 5 gram mulberry doses lowered glucose levels. .No difference between pre- and simultaneous ingestion of mulberry extract and maltose was detected. The study authors submit that: “The ingestion of [mulberry leaf extract] resulted in improved postprandial glycemic control in healthy subjects.”
Hye In Chung, Joohee Kim, Ji Yeon Kim, Oran Kwon. “Acute intake of mulberry leaf aqueous extract affects postprandial glucose response after maltose loading: Randomized double-blind placebo-controlled pilot study.” Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 5, Issue 3, July 2013, Pages 1502-1506.
Daily consumption of a mulberry leaf extract may lower post-meal blood sugar spikes.
Discerning patterns of Vitamin D status worldwide, German researchers identify population subgroups potentially at-risk for bone and cardiac disorders.
Spouses should discuss what retirement will be like for them well before they leave the workforce.
Worldwide, more than half of all patients with high blood pressure (hypertension) are unaware they have the condition.
Systematic review of related research confirms a positive impact on cognitive function.
UK researchers design a macromolecule and submit that it may be useful for stopping the virus from physically entering the body.
At least 200,000 of US deaths due to heart disease and stroke may be preventable, through lifestyle and nutritional choices.
People living in industrialized countries may be more likely to develop Alzheimer’s Disease as a result of greatly reduced contact with microorganisms.
The world’s first noninvasive human-to-human brain interface is achieved via electrical brain recordings and a form of magnetic stimulation.
The “2013 International Bedroom Poll” compares sleep times, attitudes, habits and bedtime routines.
Depression in patients with type 2 diabetes is a significant risk factor for dementia.
People who walk to work are 40% less likely to have diabetes, and 17% less likely to have high blood pressure, as compared to those who drive.
Sponge-like material, which expands and contracts in response to blood sugar levels, releases insulin contained in its core, as the body needs it.
As a form of commuting, bicycling has positive effects on weight, and parameters of cardiovascular health.
Consuming green tea may assist with blood sugar management
A cup of hot cocoa may help to control inflammation-related diseases such as diabetes, suggests an animal study.
Metal-oxide nanofiber based chemiresistive gas sensors offer greater usability for real-time breath tests on smart phones or tablet PCs in the near future.
When consumed with starchy foods, strawberries, bilberries, lingonberries, and chokeberries significantly reduce the postprandial insulin response, among women.
Generational shifts in metabolic risk factors suggest that today’s adults are less healthy than their predecessors.
Higher levels of mercury exposure – such as that which may occur from consumption of fish and shellfish – may increase the risks for type 2 diabetes.
Tip #192 - Stay Connected
Researchers from the University of Chicago (Illinois, USA) report that social isolation may be detrimental to both mental and physical health. The team analyzed data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project, a nationwide US study involving 3,000 men and women, ages 57 to 85 years. They arrived at three key findings regarding the relationships between health and different types of isolation:
• The researchers found that the most socially connected older adults are three times as likely to report very good or excellent health compared to those who are least connected, regardless of whether they feel isolated.
• The team found that older adults who feel least isolated are five times as likely to report very good or excellent health as those who feel most isolated, regardless of their actual level of social connectedness.
• They determined that social disconnectedness is not related to mental health unless it brings feelings of loneliness and isolation.
Separately, Rush University Medical Center (Illinois, USA) researchers studied 906 older men and women, testing their motor functions (including grip, pinch strength, balance, and walking) and surveying their social activity, for a period of 5 years. Those study participants with less social activity were found to have a more rapid rate of motor function decline. Specifically, the team found that every one-point decrease in social activity corresponded to an increase in functional aging of 5 years, translating to a 40% higher risk of death and 65% higher risk of disability.