Lung disease related to collagen vascular disease.
Posted Dec 29 2009 12:00am
By Lynch DA.
Collagen vascular disease is one of the most common causes of chronic infiltrative lung disease. Patterns of lung injury from collagen vascular disease include nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP), usual interstitial pneumonia, organizing pneumonia, bronchiectasis, obliterative bronchiolitis, and pulmonary arterial hypertension.
The prevalence of each entity varies according to the specific disease entity. NSIP and pulmonary hypertension are common in scleroderma, whereas usual interstitial pneumonia, bronchiectasis, and obliterative bronchiolitis are commonly found in rheumatoid arthritis.
In systemic lupus erythematosus, pleural effusions and pulmonary hemorrhage are the salient features. In polymyositis, a combination of organizing pneumonia and NSIP is characteristic. Sjögren syndrome is characterized by bronchiectasis and lymphoid interstitial pneumonia, often associated with thin-walled cysts. Ankylosing spondylitis is associated with upper lobe fibrosis, and may be complicated by mycetoma.