Most Americans suffer from low back pain at some point in their lives. Therefore low back pain is one of the most common reasons for a trip to the doctor. Low back pain (LBP) can range from severe to mild. It may debilitate enough to require surgery however this happens only in a small percentage of back pain sufferers. This article will focus on acute low back pain (less than 6 weeks), review both serious and common causes, and outline treatment options.