Personality dispositions by the time of early adulthood have an enduring influence on well-being decades later. Catharine Gale, from the University of Southampton (United Kingdom), and colleagues examined data on 4,583 people who are members of the National Survey for Health and Development, conducted by the Medical Research Council of the University of Southampton. All subjects were born in 1946; they completed a short personality inventory at age 16, and again at age 26. Extroversion was assessed by questions about their sociability, energy, and activity orientation. Neuroticism was assessed by questions about their emotional stability, mood, and distractibility. Decades later, when the participants were 60 to 64-years-old, 2,529 of them answered a series of questions measuring well-being and their level of satisfaction with life. They also reported on their mental and physical health. Their answers point to a distinct pattern. Specifically, greater extroversion, as assessed in young adulthood, was directly associated with higher scores for well-being and for satisfaction with life. Neuroticism, in contrast, predicted poorer levels of wellbeing, but it did so indirectly. People higher in neuroticism as young adults were more susceptible to psychological distress later in life and to a lesser extent, poorer physical health.
Catharine R. Gale, Tom Booth, René Mõttus, Diana Kuh, Ian J Deary. “Neuroticism and Extraversion in Youth Predict Mental Wellbeing and Life Satisfaction 40 Years Later.” Journal of Research in Personality, 26 June 2013.
Young adults who are more outgoing or more emotionally stable are happier in later life, as compared to their more introverted or less emotionally stable peers.
Retirees who stop working relatively late in life may be less likely to develop Alzheimer’s Disease.
Physical activity reorganizes the brain so that its response to stress is reduced and anxiety is less likely to interfere with normal brain function.
1.7 million Americans develop healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), with roughly 45% of hospital-acquired HAIs are in patients older than 65 years.
A standardized extract of ginkgo biloba, improved the proliferation of neural stem cells in the subependymal zone of vascular dementia, in a lab animal model.
China's air pollution toll, has cut life expectancy for the residents of that region by five and a half years.
People who consider themselves physically inactive are at increased risk of stroke.
Concept utilizes nanoparticles that concentrate and expand in the presence of higher acidity found in tumor cells.
Good sleep habits, physical activity, a healthy diet, limited alcohol intake, and no smoking, may significantly reduce the risk of heart disease.
Non-drug therapies reduce pain severity while improving mood and quality of life.
Mental conditions, substance abuse, and musculoskeletal disorders cause more disability than cancers.
Enabling city dwellers to reconnect with nature, parks and urban gardens help to relieve mental distress and improve life satisfaction.
Yoga has positive effects on mild depression and sleep complaints, and improves symptoms associated with schizophrenia and ADHD.
Getting a good night of rest promotes feelings of gratitude for relationships.
A type of meditation, known as mindfulness-based stress reduction, helps to relieve the inflammation response seen in arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and
Elevated levels of C-reactive protein, a marker of inflammatory disease, may associate with increased risk of psychological distress and depression.
Economists and public health researchers report that happiness and mental health are highest among people who eat seven portions of fruit and vegetables a day.
Daily physical activity can boost a person's mental health, via the psychological mechanisms known as the self-image hypothesis and the social interaction hypot
Large-scale population based study suggests that people with anxiety depression, and other mental health problems have a higher risk of early death.
Phobic anxiety associates with shorter telomeres – a marker of a cellular aging, in middle-aged and older women.
Tip #192 - Stay Connected
Researchers from the University of Chicago (Illinois, USA) report that social isolation may be detrimental to both mental and physical health. The team analyzed data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project, a nationwide US study involving 3,000 men and women, ages 57 to 85 years. They arrived at three key findings regarding the relationships between health and different types of isolation:
• The researchers found that the most socially connected older adults are three times as likely to report very good or excellent health compared to those who are least connected, regardless of whether they feel isolated.
• The team found that older adults who feel least isolated are five times as likely to report very good or excellent health as those who feel most isolated, regardless of their actual level of social connectedness.
• They determined that social disconnectedness is not related to mental health unless it brings feelings of loneliness and isolation.
Separately, Rush University Medical Center (Illinois, USA) researchers studied 906 older men and women, testing their motor functions (including grip, pinch strength, balance, and walking) and surveying their social activity, for a period of 5 years. Those study participants with less social activity were found to have a more rapid rate of motor function decline. Specifically, the team found that every one-point decrease in social activity corresponded to an increase in functional aging of 5 years, translating to a 40% higher risk of death and 65% higher risk of disability.