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Lifestyle Factors Precipitate Rheumatoid Arthritis

Posted Apr 06 2013 10:09pm
Posted on April 3, 2013, 6 a.m. in Arthritis Lifestyle

A major cause of disability and dependency, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease which affects around 0.8% of the population.  Ian Bruce, from The University of Manchester (United Kingdom), and colleagues analyzed data collected on 25,455 subjects enrolled in the European Prospective Investigation of Cancer, Norfolk, UK (EPIC-Norfolk), ages 40-79 years, gathered from 1993 to 1997. When they compared 184 participants who went on to develop arthritis to those who did not, they found that smoking, obesity and having diabetes all increased the risk of developing RA.  Submitting that: “Several easily ascertained clinical and lifestyle factors can be used to stratify populations for risk,” the researchers are hopeful their findings may be used to develop a simple screening tool with which to identify patients with a higher risk of developing RA who could be offered advice to reduce their risk.

Lahiri M, Luben RN, Morgan C, Bunn DK, Marshall T, Lunt M, Verstappen SM, Symmons DP, Khaw KT, Wareham N, Bruce IN.  “Using lifestyle factors to identify individuals at higher risk of inflammatory polyarthritis (results from the European Prospective Investigation of Cancer-Norfolk and the Norfolk Arthritis Register--the EPIC-2-NOAR Study).”  Ann Rheum Dis. 2013 Mar 16.

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Tip #144 - Veggies Vex Diabetes
Type-2 diabetes affects upwards of 5% of the world’s population, and the number of cases is projected to rise in the coming decades, due to factors such as aging, obesity, and the pervasiveness of a sedentary lifestyle. Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center (Tennessee, USA) researchers followed 64,000 women residing in China, ages 40 to 70 years, for nearly 5 years, assessing their daily fruit and vegetable intakes and tracking the onset of diabetes. Those women who consumed the most vegetables -- averaging 428 grams, or 15 ounces, daily – were at 28% lower risk of developing the disease.

Researchers from Addenbrooke's Hospital (United Kingdom) followed 21,831 men and women, ages 40 to 75 years at the study’s start, for a 12-year period. The team found that men and women with the highest blood levels of vitamin C (reflecting a high fruit and vegetable intake) were at 62% reduced risk of developing type-2 diabetes, as compared to those with the lowest blood levels.

Not only rich sources of fiber, antioxidants, and magnesium, vegetables contain diabetes-reducing compounds such as phytates, lignans, and isoflavones. While the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) recommends that women ages 19-50 years consume 2 ½ cups of veggies daily, and men ages 19-50 years consume 3 cups daily, anti-aging physicians recommend doubling those amounts. » MORE
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