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Laborious Work Linked to Cardiovascular Disease

Posted May 16 2013 10:09pm
Posted on May 13, 2013, 6 a.m. in Cardio-Vascular Lifestyle

Investigating the effect of the type of a person’s occupation on the likelihood of having a non-fatal acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or ischemic stroke, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, from Harokopio University (Greece), and colleagues studied a total of 1,000 subjects – 250 were consecutive patients with a first ACS, 250 were consecutive patients with a first ischemic stroke and 500 population-based, control subjects, one-for-one matched to the patients by age and sex. When assessed on a 9-unit scale (1 = physically demanding work and 9 = sedentary/mental work) the analysis showed that those suffering the stroke and coronary events were more commonly engaged in physically demanding occupation than the controls.  After adjusting for confounding factors, the results confirmed that those occupied in progressively less physically demanding jobs (that is, for each unit increase of the scale) were associated with a 20% lower likelihood of acute coronary events (a statistically significant odds ratio of 0.81%) or of ischaemic stroke (odds ratio 0.83%).  Concluding that: “Subjects with physically demanding, manual labor should be a primary prevention target group against [acute coronary syndrome] or stroke, due to their higher likelihood of suffering from a [cardiovascular disease] event,” the study authors urge that individuals with physically demanding manual jobs should be considered a primary target group for prevention of cardiovascular disease because of their higher risk.

E Georgousopoulou, CM Kastorini, HJ Milionis, E Trichia, D Kantas, MS Kostapanos, V Nikolaou, KN Vemmos, JA Goudevenos, D B Panagiotakos.  “Physically demanding occupation is associated with higher likelihood of a non-fatal acute coronary syndrome or ischemic stroke: a case/case-control study” [Abstract P67].  Presented at EuroPRevent (European Society of Cardiology) 2013, 18 Apr. 2013.

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Tip #162 - Halt High Blood Pressure
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine (Tennessee, USA) researchers report that an increased intake in minerals such as potassium, magnesium and calcium by dietary means may reduce the risk of high blood pressure and decrease blood pressure in people with hypertension. A high intake of these minerals in the diet may also reduce the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke. According to the study, if Americans were able to increase their potassium intake, the number of adults with known hypertension with blood pressure levels higher than 140/90 mm Hg might decrease by more than 10% and increase life expectancy. Similar studies show that diets high in magnesium (at least 500 to 1,000 mg/d) and calcium (more than 800 mg/d) may also be associated with both a decrease in blood pressure and risk of developing hypertension.

To boost your dietary intake of potassium, magnesium, and calcium, try these foods:

• Vegetables: broccoli, bok choy, spinach, beet greens, turnip greens, okra, artichoke, potatoes, carrot juice, and sweet potatoes

• Legumes: black beans, garbanzo beans, kidney beans, great northern beans, lentils, navy beans and soybeans

• Dairy: cheddar cheese, Parmesan cheese, ricotta cheese, cottage cheese, sour cream, and yogurt

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