The tissue which lines and supports the tiny air-sacs within the lung is called interstitium. When scar-tissue builds up (fibrosis) within the interstitium, lungs' ability to infuse oxygen into the bloodstream gets severely compromised. This condition is called Interstitial Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF).
Patients with interstitial pulmonray fibrosis, therefore, experience shortness of breath, chronic cough, and pulmonary insufficiency.
What causes Interstitial Pulmonary Fibrosis?
Asbestosis, Exposure to Silica dust particles, Hypersensitivity pneumonitis, Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), Occupational exposure to asbestos, Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Sarcoidosis, Scleroderma hypersensitivity pneumonitis, Sjogren's syndrome, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, and A host of other Idiopathic Pulmonary Diseases.