In that previous studies have shown that a higher intake of fruits and vegetables associates with a lower risk of ischaemic heart disease, the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Heart Study Collaborators studied data collected on more than 300,000 European men and women during a study period averaging just over 8 years. The team found that those people who consumed at least eight portions (80 grams [3 ounces] each) of fruits and vegetables a day had a 22% lower risk of fatal ischaemic heart disease , compared with those consuming fewer than three portions a day. Specifically, the researchers calculated that each one-portion (80 g [3 oz.]) increment in fruit and vegetable intake lowered the risk of fatal heart disease by 4%. The team concludes that: “Results from this large observational study suggest that a higher intake of fruits and vegetables is associated with a reduced risk of [ischaemic heart disease] mortality.”
Francesca L. Crowe, Andrew W. Roddam, Timothy J. Key, Paul N. Appleby, Kim Overvad, et al, and European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Heart Study Collaborators. “Fruit and vegetable intake and mortality from ischaemic heart disease: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Heart study.” Eur Heart J., January 18, 2011; doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehq465.
German team reports that magnesium supplementation may improve sensitivity to insulin and help reduce the risk of diabetes in overweight people.
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