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How do I avoid viral infections?

Posted by Be Well

How do I avoid viral infections?
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  • Make sure you have been immunized against rubella (German measles). Your doctor will be able to do a simple blood test to check whether you are immune. The virus can cause serious developmental problems in the unborn child. Because the vaccine contains a live virus, pregnancy should be avoided for up to three months after vaccination, and you should not have the vaccination if you are already pregnant.
  • Measles and mumps - make sure your vaccinations are up-to-date. Check this with your doctor if you are unsure.
  • To avoid the influenza virus, always wash your hands thoroughly. Avoid rubbing your eyes or nose after shaking hands with someone with a cold.
  • Using condoms during sexual intercourse reduces the likelihood of spreading sexually transmitted diseases, including the HIV virus.
  • Avoid eating raw shellfish, which, as well as carrying bugs such as salmonella, can also transmit hepatitis A.
  • If you are working in a childcare environment, wherever possible minimize close physical contact (for example, kissing) of small children, who can easily pass on viruses such as cytomegalovirus (CMV). CMV is passed on through urine, saliva and other bodily fluids, so be particularly careful about hygiene and handwashing, to minimize the chances of infection.
  • A healthy lifestyle, including exercise and a balanced nutritious diet, will help your immune system to fight infections.
NOTICE: The information provided on this site is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your physician or other qualified health provider because of something you have read on Wellsphere. If you have a medical emergency, call your doctor or 911 immediately.
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