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Gut Environment May Influence Type-2 Diabetes

Posted Oct 26 2012 10:09pm
Posted on Oct. 23, 2012, 6 a.m. in Diabetes GI-Digestive

A meta-genomic study, conducted as part of the EU-based MetaHIT (Metagenomics of the Human Intestinal Tract) project involving eight countries, reveals a prominent association between the gut  bacteria environment and type-2 diabetes.  Oluf Borbye Pedersen, from the University of Copenhagen (Denmark), and colleagues identified that patients with type-2 diabetes have an imbalance in gut bacteria, specifically an excess of harmful strains and a deficit  of beneficial strains.  The study authors submit that their findings: “demonstrate that these gut microbial markers might be useful for classifying type 2 diabetes.”

Qin J, Li Y, Cai Z, Li S, Zhu J, Zhang F, Kristiansen K, Wang J, et al.  “A metagenome-wide association study of gut microbiota in type 2 diabetes.”  Nature. 2012 Sep 26.

  
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59. A Weighty Issue
Obesity and overweight are defined by Body Mass Index (BMI), the measure of body fat defined as body weight divided by the square of your height. Calculate your BMI by using the interactive U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Body Mass Index calculator, at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health (look under "Health Assessment Tools," and select "Body Mass Index (BMI) Calculator") [provides both Metric and US measurements]. A BMI over 25 kg/m2 is defined as overweight, and a BMI of over 30 kg/m2 as obese.
Overweight and obesity can be life threatening, in that excess weight can result in:
• Cardiovascular disease
• Type 2 diabetes
• Cancer of the breast, colon, prostrate, endometrium, kidney and gallbladder
• more...
 
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