Qin J, Li Y, Cai Z, Li S, Zhu J, Zhang F, Kristiansen K, Wang J, et al. “A metagenome-wide association study of gut microbiota in type 2 diabetes.” Nature. 2012 Sep 26.
Oregon State University (US) team reveals the biological mechanism by which zinc deficiency can develop with age, leading to a decline of the immune system
University of Illinois (US) researchers have developed a new imaging tool for physicians that fits in the palm of the hand and enables an array of diagnostics
Dietary supplementation of omega-3 fatty acids may lengthen telomeres and reduce oxidative stress.
Low serum levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 may correlate with Alzheimer's Disease, in men
A daily glass of polyphenol-rich apple juice decreases body fat, in obese men.
The fat- and sugar-rich Western diet leads to a lifetime of health problems, dramatically increasing the risk of stroke or death at a younger age.
Daily supplementation of pterostilbene, a potent antioxidant compound found abundantly in blueberries, lowers systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
Major changes to the profile of a person’s gut bacteria environment may associate with the development of type-2 diabetes.
A diet rich antioxidant vitamins helps to reduce the risk of heart attacks, in women.
Kansas State University (US) team has developed a simple blood test that can accurately detect the beginning stages of cancer.
Exposure to a compound produced when food is cooked with dry heat has been linked to the development of abdoinal obesity, and type 2 diabetes in mice.
Men who complete weight training for at least 150 minutes per week are at 34% lower risk of developing type-2 diabetes.
Among women, increased concentrations of phthalates in the body may raise risk of type-2 diabetes.
Eating Western-style fast food on a regular basis significantly increased the risk of diabetes and coronary heart disease.
Low testosterone levels are found to be linked to a resistance to insulin.
People with a history of mental illness are more likely to also have a chronic health condition, such as heart disease or diabetes.
Eating tree nuts helps to lower body weight and body mass index, while improving cholesterol levels and markers of inflammation.
People with diabetes may have a heightened risk of developing Parkinson's disease, especially at a relatively young age.
Vitamin D supplements may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes, and also reduce the risk of all-cause mortality.
Among women, being seated for long periods of time every day raises the risks of developing type-2 diabetes.
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59. A Weighty Issue
Obesity and overweight are defined by Body Mass Index (BMI), the measure of body fat defined as body weight divided by the square of your height. Calculate your BMI by using the interactive U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Body Mass Index calculator, at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health (look under "Health Assessment Tools," and select "Body Mass Index (BMI) Calculator") [provides both Metric and US measurements]. A BMI over 25 kg/m2 is defined as overweight, and a BMI of over 30 kg/m2 as obese.
Overweight and obesity can be life threatening, in that excess weight can result in:
• Cardiovascular disease
• Type 2 diabetes
• Cancer of the breast, colon, prostrate, endometrium, kidney and gallbladder