A number of previous studies report that getting a good night of sleep is essential for physical and psychological well-being. Amie Gordon, from the University of California/Berkeley (California, USA), and colleagues explored how poor sleep affects people's feelings of gratitude. In the teams first study, people who experienced a poor night's sleep were less grateful after listing five things in life for which they were appreciative than were people who had slept well the night before. The researchers adapted the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, which measures sleep quality and number of hours slept, among other variables, to evaluate the previous night's sleep. In the second study, participants recorded their sleep from the previous night for two weeks and their feelings of gratitude. The researchers found a decline in gratitude associated with poor sleep, and those participants reported feeling more selfish those days. The final study looked at heterosexual couples and found that people tend to feel less grateful toward their romantic partners if either they or their partners generally sleep poorly. "In line with this finding, people reported feeling less appreciated by their partners if they or their partner tends to sleep poorly, suggesting that the lack of gratitude is transmitted to the partner," observes the lead investigator. Submitting that their studies are the "first to show that everyday experiences of poor sleep are negatively associated with gratitude toward others,” the study authors report that: "Poor sleep is not just experienced in isolation. It influences our interactions with others, such as our ability to be grateful, a vital social emotion."
Gordon A. “"Giving, Getting, and Gratitude.” Presented at the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP) annual meeting, Jan. 19, 2013.
Worldwide, people are dying at older ages and early childhood survival rates have risen dramatically.
The type of jobs people have may increase their risk for developing asthma.
Getting a good night of rest promotes feelings of gratitude for relationships.
Hot noodle soup served in melamine bowls can prompt the plastic compound to leach and then be ingested.
Increased consumption of lycopene associates with a reduction in the incidence of cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease.
Among older adults, hearing loss associated with accelerated cognitive decline and cognitive impairment.
Vitamins and a protein-rich diet may be key for combating aging-related loss of muscle mass (sarcopenia).
Regular aspirin use may associate with an increased risk of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) – a leading cause of blindness in older people.
Many whole grain foods are not as quite as healthy as you may think.
People who are lonely produce more inflammation-related proteins in response to acute stress, potentially contributing to coronary heart disease and more.
Norway team reports on the costs of insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea on long-term sick leave.
Fragmented or interrupted sleep may predict future placement in a nursing home or assisted living facility, among older women.
Difficulty falling or remaining asleep puts people at increased likelihood of developing high blood pressure.
Men and women with obstructive sleep apnea are at elevated risk for major depression.
Not getting enough sleep may lead to weight gain.
People sleep significantly better and feel more alert during the day if they get at least 150 minutes of exercise a week.
Middle-aged and older women with sleep problems may be at greater risk for fibromyalgia.
People who struggle to fall or stay asleep almost every night are 30% to 45% more likely to have an acute myocardial infarction.
Elderly women who suffer from sleep apnea are about twice as likely to develop dementia in the next five years.
Sleeping for 6-9 hours nightly not only improves self-rated quality of life, but lowers the person’s scores of depression.
#115 - Emergency Water Disinfection
In the event of a natural disaster, which may compromise your access to water from your tap or bottle source, follow these techniques to purify water for drinking:
Boiling - vigorously, for 10 minutes
Bleaching - add 10-20 drops of household bleach per gallon of water, mix well, and let stand for 30 minutes. A slight smell or taste of chlorine indicates water is good to drink. (Note: do not use scented bleaches, colorsafe bleaches, or bleaches with added cleaners.)
Tablets - commercially available purification tablets
Solar disinfection, known as SODIS - a new technique developed by researchers at the Swiss Federal Institute for Environmental Science and Technology. Clear plastic bottles are filled with water and left in the sun. The heat warms the water and the combination of warm water and ultraviolet radiation kills most microorganisms. The Institute’s tests showed that 99.9% of the E. coli in a sample of contaminated water were killed when the sun heated the water beyond 122F (50C). At that temperature, disinfection takes about an hour, but placing a corrugated metal sheet under the bottle can shorten the time. Additional tests demonstrate SODIS as an effective approach for killing the cholera bacteria, Vibrio cholerae, and that it could inactivate parasites including the diarrhea-causing Cryptosporidium.