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Abdominal Muscles (or abs): Front of the stomach. Often referred to as the upper abs and lower abs, but truthfully the abs are one long, flat, continuous sheet of muscle.
Abductors: The outer thighs.
Adductors: The muscles inside the upper leg or inner thighs.
Aerobic Exercise: Lower intensity exercise performed for longer periods of time, such as walking, running, cycling, and swimming.
Anaerobic Exercise: Intense exercise used by athletes in non-endurance sports to build power and by body builders to build muscle mass. Muscles develop differently leading to greater performance in short duration and high intensity activities.
Biceps: Span the front of the upper arm. Often referred to as guns, the biceps bend the arm.
Caliper: A devise used to measure body fat.
Circuit Training: Machines placed in a logical order (usually in a row or circle) so that one may move from one to the other without having to determine which exercise to do next. Usually good for beginners.
Core: The anatomic center of the body. Also referred to as trunk or torso.
Core Muscles: Deep muscle layers that lay close to the spine and provide structural support.
Core Training: Training the body’s center and building a strong foundation. The objective of core training is to improve muscle endurance.
Creatine: An amino acid that occurs naturally in the body and is found in meat, poultry and fish. Often taken by strength trainers and bodybuilders in supplement form, it is believed to increase exercise performance, muscle size, and strength. It is also believed to speed up recovery between workouts. Creatine only works for those who maintain a serious weight lifting program.
Bodybuilding: The act of building muscle mass by working out and shaping one’s diet. May be done for recreation, personal betterment, or as a competitive sport.
Glutes: Or gluteus maximus. It makes up a large portion of the shape and appearance of the buttocks.
Hamstrings: Muscles which reside directly behind the thighbone. They bend the knee, bringing the heel toward the buttocks, and they help the glutes.
Hip Flexors: Muscles located on the front of the body that are involved in raising the legs. Most important muscles in the running process.
Obliques: Muscles that run diagonally up and down the side of the abs.
Plank: Basic core stabilization exercise that works the abs, back, glutes, and shoulder stabilizer muscles.
Quadriceps (or quads): Located at the front of the thighs. The purpose of these four muscles is to straighten your leg from the knee.
Resistance Bands: Flat strips of latex rubber which provide resistance.
Resistance Training: A form of strength training in which effort is performed against a specific opposing force generated by resistance.
Stabilizer Muscles: Muscles that hold the joints together properly to improve movement efficiency, prevent injury, and promote stability.
Strength Training: Exercising with resistance with the goal of increasing physical strength.
Triceps: Span the rear of the upper arm. They are located directly behind the biceps and they work together with the biceps.
Weight Training: A common type of strength training for developing the size and strength of muscles. Uses the force of gravity in the form of weighted bars and dumbbells.
Whey Protein: A derivative of milk protein, it is the highest yield of protein currently available. Often taken by bodybuilders and strength trainers as protein is the single most important nutrient for building and healing muscle.