In that few large-scale studies have assessed the effects of eating fruit and vegetables on the risks of dying early, scientists from the Karolinska Institutet (Sweden) analyzed data collected on 71,706 participants (38,221 men and 33,485 women), ages 45-83 years. The team surveyed the subhects about their diets, reporting the consumption patterns of fruits -- including oranges, apples, bananas and berries -- and vegetables, such as carrots, beets, lettuce, cabbage, tomatoes and pea soup. Of those who had reported eating no fruit or vegetables at the start of the study, the researchers observed these subjects were 53% more likely to die during the 13-year follow-up period, as compared to those who consumed five daily servings. Further, the investigators found that participants who ate at least one serving of fruit daily lived 19 months longer than those who never ate fruit, on average. And those who ate at least three servings of vegetables per day lived 32 months longer than people who reported not eating vegetables. The study authors conclude that: “[Fruit and vegetable] consumption [less than] 5 servings [daily] is associated with progressively shorter survival and higher mortality rates.”
Bellavia A, Larsson SC, Bottai M, Wolk A, Orsini N. “Fruit and vegetable consumption and all-cause mortality: a dose-response analysis.” Am J Clin Nutr. 2013 Jun 26.
As a form of commuting, bicycling has positive effects on weight, and parameters of cardiovascular health.
People who believe stress adversely affects their health may be at increased risk of a cardiac event.
New telescopic contact lens may improve sight for macular degeneration patients.
Consuming green tea may assist with blood sugar management
Eating fewer than five servings of fruit and vegetables each day may raise a person’s risks of dying prematurely.
European scientists warn of a significant upward trend in antibiotics-resistant infections.
Scientists successfully reconnect severed spinal cords, in a lab animal model of spinal cord injury
Polar explorers offer insights into addressing sleep disturbances associated with demanding physical work.
Achieving 150 weekly minutes of exercise, regardless of how often the activity was conducted, minimizes risk factors for diabetes, heart disease and stroke.
Americans continue to pack on the pounds, as more than half of US adults now meet the diagnostic criteria for obesity.
Eating more beef, pork, and lamb may raise a person’s risks of type-2 diabetes, whereas reducing intake appears to trim the risk.
In heart muscle that is stressed by hypertension or other diseases, sugar overload may promote heart failure.
After being diagnosed with prostate cancer, men who eat a diet high in vegetable fats, such as those in nuts and olive oil, may be less likely to have their dis
As compared to people whose diets include meats, fish, and eggs, those who consume a plant-based diet have lower rates of both death and diseases.
Consuming a Mediterranean diet, with added extra-virgin olive oil or mixed nuts, improves the brain power of older men and women.
Consuming a diet rich in olive oil, nuts, as well as fruits, vegetables, and legumes, may curtail aging-related memory loss.
A can of soda a day may markedly increase a person’s risk of type-2 diabetes.
With the ability to stabilize insulin and suppress hunger, nuts – as part of a healthy, balanced diet – assist with weight management goals.
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A diet rich in antioxidants may reduce a woman’s risk of heart failure by 42%.
Tip #192 - Stay Connected
Researchers from the University of Chicago (Illinois, USA) report that social isolation may be detrimental to both mental and physical health. The team analyzed data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project, a nationwide US study involving 3,000 men and women, ages 57 to 85 years. They arrived at three key findings regarding the relationships between health and different types of isolation:
• The researchers found that the most socially connected older adults are three times as likely to report very good or excellent health compared to those who are least connected, regardless of whether they feel isolated.
• The team found that older adults who feel least isolated are five times as likely to report very good or excellent health as those who feel most isolated, regardless of their actual level of social connectedness.
• They determined that social disconnectedness is not related to mental health unless it brings feelings of loneliness and isolation.
Separately, Rush University Medical Center (Illinois, USA) researchers studied 906 older men and women, testing their motor functions (including grip, pinch strength, balance, and walking) and surveying their social activity, for a period of 5 years. Those study participants with less social activity were found to have a more rapid rate of motor function decline. Specifically, the team found that every one-point decrease in social activity corresponded to an increase in functional aging of 5 years, translating to a 40% higher risk of death and 65% higher risk of disability.