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Dietary Supplements Reduce Hospital Burdens

Posted Sep 29 2013 10:07pm

Stays in a hospital can often be lengthy, and some conditions have a high readmission risk.  Tomas Philipson from the University of Chicago (Illinois, USA), and colleagues analyzed more than 1 million adult inpatient cases in the United States, and found that patients provided oral nutritional supplements during hospitalization benefited from:  21% , or 2.3 day, reduction in length of stay; and 21.6%, or $4,734, reduction in patient hospitalization cost.  Additionally, there was a 6.7% reduction in the probability of a 30-day readmission in patients who had at least one known subsequent readmission and were provided oral nutritional supplements during the previous hospitalization.   Writing that: “Use of [oral nutritional supplements] decreases length of stay, episode cost, and 30-day readmission risk in the inpatient population,” the lead author submits that: "Because oral nutritional supplements are formulated to provide advanced nutrition and calories for patients and are relatively inexpensive to provide, the sizeable savings they generate make supplementation a cost-effective therapy."

Tomas J. Philipson, Julia Thornton Snider, Darius N. Lakdawalla, Benoit Stryckman, Dana P. Goldman.  “Impact of Oral Nutritional Supplementation on Hospital Outcomes.”  American Journal of Managed Care 2013;19(2):121-128.

  
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Anti-Aging Forum MLDP Join A4M
Tip #192 - Stay Connected
Researchers from the University of Chicago (Illinois, USA) report that social isolation may be detrimental to both mental and physical health. The team analyzed data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project, a nationwide US study involving 3,000 men and women, ages 57 to 85 years. They arrived at three key findings regarding the relationships between health and different types of isolation:

• The researchers found that the most socially connected older adults are three times as likely to report very good or excellent health compared to those who are least connected, regardless of whether they feel isolated.

• The team found that older adults who feel least isolated are five times as likely to report very good or excellent health as those who feel most isolated, regardless of their actual level of social connectedness.

• They determined that social disconnectedness is not related to mental health unless it brings feelings of loneliness and isolation.

Separately, Rush University Medical Center (Illinois, USA) researchers studied 906 older men and women, testing their motor functions (including grip, pinch strength, balance, and walking) and surveying their social activity, for a period of 5 years. Those study participants with less social activity were found to have a more rapid rate of motor function decline. Specifically, the team found that every one-point decrease in social activity corresponded to an increase in functional aging of 5 years, translating to a 40% higher risk of death and 65% higher risk of disability.

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