Stays in a hospital can often be lengthy, and some conditions have a high readmission risk. Tomas Philipson from the University of Chicago (Illinois, USA), and colleagues analyzed more than 1 million adult inpatient cases in the United States, and found that patients provided oral nutritional supplements during hospitalization benefited from: 21% , or 2.3 day, reduction in length of stay; and 21.6%, or $4,734, reduction in patient hospitalization cost. Additionally, there was a 6.7% reduction in the probability of a 30-day readmission in patients who had at least one known subsequent readmission and were provided oral nutritional supplements during the previous hospitalization. Writing that: “Use of [oral nutritional supplements] decreases length of stay, episode cost, and 30-day readmission risk in the inpatient population,” the lead author submits that: "Because oral nutritional supplements are formulated to provide advanced nutrition and calories for patients and are relatively inexpensive to provide, the sizeable savings they generate make supplementation a cost-effective therapy."
Tomas J. Philipson, Julia Thornton Snider, Darius N. Lakdawalla, Benoit Stryckman, Dana P. Goldman. “Impact of Oral Nutritional Supplementation on Hospital Outcomes.” American Journal of Managed Care 2013;19(2):121-128.
Greater consumption of whole fruits – notably blueberries, grapes, and apples, may help to lower a person’s type-2 diabetes risk.
Nutritional intervention with oral dietary supplements may reduce the length of hospital stays by as much as 21%.
Statins protect against DNA shortening by telomerase activation, and may promote healthy aging.
People who do not have a rich array of healthy gut bacteria may be more prone to metabolic dysfunction and low-grade inflammation.
Harvard University (US) team provides evidence that the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages promotes weight gain.
Treatment technique uses nanoparticles to reprogram immune cells so they are able to recognize and attack cancer.
Middle-aged men with high cholesterol levels may be at greater risk for a first heart attack, than similar-aged women are.
Mercury levels in Pacific fish are predicted to rise in the coming decades.
Sulforaphane, a compound found abundantly in cruciferous vegetables, may help to prevent or slow cartilage destruction.
Aging may not be determined not only by the accumulation of changes during our lifetime, but also by the genes we acquire from our mothers.
2011 Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer finds that the rate of death in the US from all cancers for men and women continues a steady decline.
US National Health Interview Survey reveals that more than half of American adults use the Internet to look up health information.
More than just washing hands.
A4M Call for Speakers for the 17th Annual Congress on Anti-Aging Medicine and Regenerative and Biomedical Technologies
Tip #192 - Stay Connected
Researchers from the University of Chicago (Illinois, USA) report that social isolation may be detrimental to both mental and physical health. The team analyzed data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project, a nationwide US study involving 3,000 men and women, ages 57 to 85 years. They arrived at three key findings regarding the relationships between health and different types of isolation:
• The researchers found that the most socially connected older adults are three times as likely to report very good or excellent health compared to those who are least connected, regardless of whether they feel isolated.
• The team found that older adults who feel least isolated are five times as likely to report very good or excellent health as those who feel most isolated, regardless of their actual level of social connectedness.
• They determined that social disconnectedness is not related to mental health unless it brings feelings of loneliness and isolation.
Separately, Rush University Medical Center (Illinois, USA) researchers studied 906 older men and women, testing their motor functions (including grip, pinch strength, balance, and walking) and surveying their social activity, for a period of 5 years. Those study participants with less social activity were found to have a more rapid rate of motor function decline. Specifically, the team found that every one-point decrease in social activity corresponded to an increase in functional aging of 5 years, translating to a 40% higher risk of death and 65% higher risk of disability.