When used judiciously, antibiotics provide life-saving protection against bacterial infections. Yet, bacteria are highly adaptable and are capable of mutating to become resistant – an effect that is largely accelerated by the widespread misuse of antibiotics.. In its first Report on Antimicrobial Consumption in Europe, the The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC; Sweden) observes an increasing trend in consumption of antibacterials for systemic use, with 90% of such use taking place in the community – that is, outside hospitals. Consequently, the ECDC data shows a significant rise of resistance to multiple antibiotics in Kiebsiella pneumonia and E. coli since 2010.
K Weist; on behalf of the ESAC-Net participants and the Antimicrobial Resistance and Healthcare-associated Infections (ARHAI) programme at the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). “ECDC publishes its first data on antimicrobial consumption in Europe.” Eurosurveillance, Volume 18, Issue 10, 7 March 2013.
As a form of commuting, bicycling has positive effects on weight, and parameters of cardiovascular health.
People who believe stress adversely affects their health may be at increased risk of a cardiac event.
New telescopic contact lens may improve sight for macular degeneration patients.
Consuming green tea may assist with blood sugar management
Eating fewer than five servings of fruit and vegetables each day may raise a person’s risks of dying prematurely.
European scientists warn of a significant upward trend in antibiotics-resistant infections.
Scientists successfully reconnect severed spinal cords, in a lab animal model of spinal cord injury
Polar explorers offer insights into addressing sleep disturbances associated with demanding physical work.
Achieving 150 weekly minutes of exercise, regardless of how often the activity was conducted, minimizes risk factors for diabetes, heart disease and stroke.
Americans continue to pack on the pounds, as more than half of US adults now meet the diagnostic criteria for obesity.
Vitamin C seems to be particularly beneficial for people under heavy physical stress, with data suggesting it can halve the incidence of the common cold.
Zinc may effect a key role in activation of a transcription factor, MF-[kappa]B , essential for proper immune function.
The compound thymol, extracted from thyme, works synergistically with conventional antifungal medications to boost their efficacy.
Supplementation with chlorella, a single-cell green algae cultivated for its bioactive substances, increases Natural Killer (NK) cell activity.
Drinking cranberry juice or taking cranberry supplements associates with a protective effect against urinary tract infection (UTI).
Certain strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa cause white blood cells to produce very high levels of histamine, which in turn leads to inflammation, a hallmark symp
As compared to whole cranberries, cranberry juice is effective at preventing biofilm formation, the precursor to infection.
German team reports that a liquid extract from black elderberry may inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria involved in upper respiratory tract infections.
Species loss in ecosystems such as forests and fields results in increases in pathogens, or disease-causing organisms.
People who are physically fit and active contract fewer and milder colds.
Tip #192 - Stay Connected
Researchers from the University of Chicago (Illinois, USA) report that social isolation may be detrimental to both mental and physical health. The team analyzed data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project, a nationwide US study involving 3,000 men and women, ages 57 to 85 years. They arrived at three key findings regarding the relationships between health and different types of isolation:
• The researchers found that the most socially connected older adults are three times as likely to report very good or excellent health compared to those who are least connected, regardless of whether they feel isolated.
• The team found that older adults who feel least isolated are five times as likely to report very good or excellent health as those who feel most isolated, regardless of their actual level of social connectedness.
• They determined that social disconnectedness is not related to mental health unless it brings feelings of loneliness and isolation.
Separately, Rush University Medical Center (Illinois, USA) researchers studied 906 older men and women, testing their motor functions (including grip, pinch strength, balance, and walking) and surveying their social activity, for a period of 5 years. Those study participants with less social activity were found to have a more rapid rate of motor function decline. Specifically, the team found that every one-point decrease in social activity corresponded to an increase in functional aging of 5 years, translating to a 40% higher risk of death and 65% higher risk of disability.