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Costly Toll of Sleep Problems

Posted Dec 05 2012 10:09pm
Posted on Dec. 5, 2012, 6 a.m. in Demographics Sleep

Sleep apnea, affecting an estimated 5% of the population, is a potentially life-threatening sleep disturbance.  Borge Sivetsten, from the University of Bergen (Norway), and colleagues examined the separate and combined effects of symptoms of insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea on long-term sick leave.  The team used an historical cohort design with 4 years follow-up.  Information on sick leave was obtained from Norwegian official registry data, and merged with health information from the Hordaland Health Study (1997-99). A total of 6892 participants, ages 40-45, years were assessed for self-reported symptoms of insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea.  The researchers found that: “both insomnia and obstructive sleep apnoea alone were significant risk factors for subsequent sick leave, after adjusting for confounding factors;” and that: “Having both insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea increased the risk of later sick leave.”

Sivertsen B, Bjornsdottir E, Overland S, Bjorvatn B, Salo P. “The joint contribution of insomnia and obstructive sleep apnoea on sickness absence.”  J Sleep Res. 2012 Oct 9.

  
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#82 - Sin of the Skin #6: Dull Skin
Up to the age of 14, the skin on the face exfoliates naturally every 14 days. This quick rate of renewal leaves the youngster with a healthy-looking glowing complexion. However, as we get older the rate of natural exfoliation slows down. By the age of 25 and over the skin will exfoliate every 28 days or so. The resulting build up of dead skin cells can leave the skin looking dull. Establish a twice-daily skin routine of cleansing, toning, and moisturizing. Look for products that contain alpha and beta hydroxy acids (AHAs and BHAs), because they can help promote the natural process of exfoliation. Those with sensitive skin may wish to opt for products containing poly hydroxy acid (PHA), as it is non-irritating.
 
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