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Birth Order Linked to Risks of Diabetes & High Blood Pressure

Posted Mar 09 2013 10:20pm
Posted on March 6, 2013, 6 a.m. in Child Health Cardio-Vascular Diabetes

Birth order may raise the risk of first-born children developing diabetes or high blood pressure, reports researchers from the Liggins Institute at the University of Auckland (New Zealand).  Wayne S. Cutfield and colleagues measured fasting lipid and hormonal profiles, height, weight and body composition in 85 healthy children between the ages of 4 and 11. The 32 first-born children who participated in the study had a 21% reduction in insulin sensitivity and a 4 mmHg increase in blood pressure.  Writing that: “Although first-borns were taller and slimmer, these children had reduced insulin sensitivity and increased daytime blood pressure compared to later-borns,” the study authors submit that: “Thus, first-borns may be at a greater risk of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases in adult life.”

Ahila Ayyavoo, Tim Savage, Jose G. B. Derraik, Paul L. Hofman, Wayne S. Cutfield.  “First-born Children Have Reduced Insulin Sensitivity and Higher Daytime Blood Pressure Compared to Later-Born Children.”  JCEM, 30 Jan. 2013.

  
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Tip #131 - Shake the Salt Habit
In the western world, people consume on-average 10 to 12 grams of salt daily, mostly unknowingly as salt is frequently added by food producers/manufacturers, if not by the individual when cooking or serving foods. While salt is a vital nutrient involved in many body functions, overconsumption can markedly raise blood pressure, putting people at-risk for a fatal cardiovascular event.

On a global scale, reducing salt intake around the world by 15% could prevent almost 9 million deaths. Researchers from Kings Fund London (United Kingdom) analyzed low- and middle-income countries, which carry 80% of the world's burden for chronic disease. While they found that simple dietary changes could reduce salt intake by 30%, a 15% reduction in salt intake was found to potentially correlate to saving 8.5 million lives from cardiovascular deaths.

Aim to reduce your consumption of processed and prepared foods, which are common sources of high concentrations of salt.
 
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