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Beans Boost Glycemic Control

Posted Nov 23 2012 10:09pm
Posted on Nov. 22, 2012, 6 a.m. in Diabetes Functional Foods
Beans Boost Glycemic Control

Long known as low glycemic index foods, legumes, including beans, chickpeas, and lentils are recommended in bith the US & Canadian national diabetes mellitus dietary guidelines.  David Jenkins, from the University of Toronto (Canada), and colleagues studied 121 men and women with type 2 diabetes, who were randomly assigned to one of two diets for 3 months: a low-GI legume diet that required them to eat at least a cup of legumes per day, or to a diet that increased their intake of insoluble fiber via consumption of whole wheat products. The researchers used a primary outcome of change in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), with a secondary endpoint of calculated coronary heart disease risk.  They observed that the legume diet significantly lowered mean total cholesterol (-8 mg/dL) and triglycerides (-22 mg/dL), while also reducing blood pressure (-4.5 mm Hg in systolic pressure)and heart rate as well.  The study authors urge that: “Incorporation of legumes as part of a low-GI diet improved both glycemic control and reduced calculated CHD risk score in type 2 [diabetes mellitus].”

Jenkins DJ, Kendall CW, Augustin LS, Mitchell S, Sahye-Pudaruth S, Blanco Mejia S, et al.  “Effect of Legumes as Part of a Low Glycemic Index Diet on Glycemic Control and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Randomized Controlled Trial.”  Arch Intern Med. 2012 Oct 22:1-8.

  
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