You may have to resort to undergoing a Gastric Bypass Surgery (GBS), if you have tried other weight loss programs, but without success. You may have also looked at the other available options involving surgery before deciding on a GBS, such as Adjustable Gastric Banding, Vertical Banded Gastroplasty and Biliopancreatic Diversion.
Bariatric Institutes, which specialize in GBS, usually list four criteria that have to be satisfied for a patient to be taken in. Unless you meet all the four conditions, you do not qualify as a candidate for GBS.
The criteria are:
#1. This is about your weight.
First, calculate your ideal body weight, by using the standards of height and weight established by the Metropolitan Life Insurance scales of 1982 or later.
Your current weight must be equal to or more than your ideal body weight (as calculated above) plus 100 pounds.
#2. You must have had at least a 3-year history of morbid obesity.
This means your Body Mass Index (BMI) is 40 or more. That is, your obesity has reached dangerous levels, because of which you have numerous life-threatening health problems.
Even if you are slightly below the morbid obesity level, that is, your BMI is below 40 but close to it, say between 35 and 40, and if you are suffering from serious problems of health as a result of your obesity, you may still be considered as a candidate for GBS.
#3. You must have participated in at least one ‘formalized weight control program’ with documented evidence of your failure to lose weight.
#4. You must have been suffering from a medical condition that can be directly attributed to your morbid obesity, like Hypertension, High Blood Cholesterol, High Blood Pressure, Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Chronic Respiratory Insufficiency, Dependent Edema, Chronic Degenerative Joint disease, Severe Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, Chronic Depression, Hyperlipidemia, Gallblader Disease, Recurrent Incisional Hernia, Chronic Phlebitis, Chronic Venous Insufficiency, Pickwickian Syndrome and so on.
In addition to being medically ready for GBS, you have to be ready even psychologically. It is not enough if you opt for GBS as your only solution. A team of specialists will evaluate the condition of your mind and body to ascertain whether you are a suitable candidate. Your physician, dietician, surgeon and psychologist may subject you to a detailed screening process to determine your suitability.
Your suitability for GBS will also depend on whether you are willing to bring about changes regarding diet and exercise that are recommended by your health care professionals.
Actually, even before the GBS, your ability to carry out the changes in diet and exercise will be assessed. Your health care professionals may impose several restrictions on you regarding your food and drink. You may be advised to stop nicotine or alcohol consumption, in case you have been used to it. You may be given a schedule of physical activity to follow. If their assessment of your mental and physical readiness for GBS is negative, the surgery could be either postponed or canceled altogether.
As there are quite a few risks, including death, that are involved in GBS, as is the case with any other major surgery, your readiness to face the post-surgery effects will also be taken into account.