Alpha 1-3 N-Acetylgalactosaminyltransferases with Altered Donor and Acceptor Specificities, Compositions, and Methods of Use: D
Posted Feb 11 2010 4:00pm
Description of Invention: The present invention relates to the field of glycobiology, specifically to glycosyltransferases. The present invention provides structure-based design of novel glycosyltransferases and their biological applications.
The structural information of glycosyltransferases has revealed that the specificity of the sugar donor in these enzymes is determined by a few residues in the sugar-nucleotide binding pocket of the enzyme, which is conserved among the family members from different species. This conservation has made it possible to reengineer the existing glycosyltransferases with broader sugar donor specificities. Mutation of these residues generates novel glycosyltransferases that can transfer a sugar residue with a chemically reactive functional group to N-acetylglucosarnine (GlcNAc), galactose (Gal) and xylose residues of glycoproteins, glycolipids and proteoglycans (glycoconjugates). Thus, there is potential to develop mutant glycosyltransferases to produce glycoconjugates carrying sugar moieties with reactive groups that can be used in the assembly of bio-nanoparticles to develop targeted-drug delivery systems or contrast agents for medical uses.
Accordingly, methods to synthesize N-acetylglucosamine linkages have many applications in research and medicine, including in the development of pharmaceutical agents and improved vaccines that can be used to treat disease.
This application claims compositions and methods based on the structure-based design of alpha 1-3 N-Acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (alpha 3 GalNAc-T) mutants from alpha l-3galactosyltransferase (a3Gal-T) that can transfer 2'-modified galactose from the corresponding UDP-derivatives due to mutations that broaden the alpha 3Gal-T donor specificity and make the enzyme alpha3 GalNAc-T.
Applications: Development of pharmaceutical agents and improved vaccines.
Development Status: Enzymes have been synthesized and preclinical studies have been performed.
Inventors: Pradman K Qasba (NCI) Boopathy Ramakrishnan (NCI) Elizabeth E Boeggeman (NCI) Marta Pasek (NCI)
Patent Status: HHS, Reference No. E-279-2007/0 PCT, Application No. PCT/US2007/018678 filed 22 Aug 2007 , which published as WO 2009/025646 on 26 Feb 2009 US, Application No. 12/674,638 filed 22 Feb 2010
Licensing Status: Available for licensing.
Collaborative Research Opportunity: The National Cancer Institute's Nanobiology Program is seeking statements of capability or interest from parties interested in collaborative research to further develop, evaluate, or commercialize structure-based design of novel glycosyltransferases. Please contact John D. Hewes, Ph.D. at 301-435-3121 or firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
For Additional Information Please Contact: John Stansberry Ph.D. NIH Office of Technology Transfer 6011 Executive Blvd. Suite 325, Rockville, MD 20852 United States Email: email@example.com Phone: 301-435-5236 Fax: 301-402-0220