Health knowledge made personal
Join this community!
› Share page:
Search posts:

Air Pollutants Promote Heart Attacks

Posted Feb 09 2014 10:07pm

Long-term exposure to particulate matter is associated with an increased risk for heart attack. Moreover, this association can already be observed in levels of particulate exposure below the current specified European limit values.  Annette Peters, of Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen (Germany), and colleagues analyzed data collected on 100,166 men and women residing in Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, and Italy.  At the study’s start, all participants were free from cardiovascular diseases. The participants were followed for incident coronary events for an average period of 11.5 years.  The researchers then compared event incidence to concentrations of particulate matter with a diameter less than 10 micrometers (PM10) and inhalable particles smaller than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5), and nitrogen oxides (NOx) at the residence location.  During the study period, a total of 5,157 individuals suffered a heart attack or unstable angina pectoris, both generally caused by calcification of the coronary vessels. An increase of 5 micrograms/m2 of annual concentration of PM2.5 or 10 micrograms/m2 of PM10 in the ambient air led to a 13 and 12% increased risk of heart attack, respectively. Importantly, the risk remained elevated even at levels below the current EU limit values of 25 micrograms /m2 for PM2.5 and 40 micrograms /m2 for PM10.  The study authors write that: “Long term exposure to particulate matter is associated with incidence of coronary events, and this association persists at levels of exposure below the current European limit values.”

Cesaroni G, Forastiere F, Stafoggia M, Andersen ZJ, Badaloni C, Peters A, et al. “Long term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of acute coronary events: prospective cohort study and meta-analysis in 11 European cohorts from the ESCAPE Project.” BMJ. 2014 Jan 21;348:f7412.

The US Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) reports that heart disease continues to rank as the leading cause of death in the United States.
Rich in polyphenol compounds, red raspberries may help to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Large-scale European study warns that prolonged exposure to air pollution may dramatically raise heart attack risk.
People who are happy and enjoy life tend to maintain better physical functions as they age.
Future utility as portable or at-home medical tests and devices to detect and monitor medical conditions.
Probiotics from the Lactobacillus rhamnosus family may help women to lose weight and keep it off.
Loss of hearing is linked to accelerated brain tissue loss, among older adults.
Spending more time in cooler temperature may promote calorie usage.
Higher levels of melatonin, a hormone involved in the sleep-wake cycle, may correlate to a decreased risk for developing advanced prostate cancer.
Exposing skin to sunlight may help to reduce blood pressure and thus may reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke.
The US Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) reports that heart disease continues to rank as the leading cause of death in the United States.
Omega-3 supplementation may boost endothelial function, improve arterial stiffness, and lower inflammation, among people with Metabolic Syndrome.
Carbon nanofibers added to a chitosan-based composite material not only support the scaffold, but allow celectrical impulses to pass.
Being fit during the transition from the teenage years into adulthood may protect against heart disease decades later, among men.
Consuming a Mediterranean diet that is rich in extra virgin olive oil may be an effective way to protect people at high-risk for heart disease against diabetes.
Adding an extra 2,000 steps of walking each day to your regular physical activity may lower the risk of heart attacks and stroke by as much as 8%.
A genetic variant occurring in a significant number of people with heart disease appears to raise the odds for heart attack or death by 38%.
Women with cardiovascular disease – and particularly those who have suffered a heart attack, tend to be at increased risk for dementia.
Markers including LDL cholesterol and C-reactive protein improve in overweight and obese women who lose a modest amount of weight, and keep it off for 2 years.
People who are affected by osteoarthritis of the hip or knee are at elevated risk for ischemic heart disease and congestive heart failure.
Anti-Aging Forum MLDP Join A4M
Post a comment
Write a comment: