Adoptive Immunotherapy for Reestablishing HIV-specific Cytotoxic T-cell (CD8 T-cell) Function in HIV and AIDS Patients and Metho
Posted Jun 13 2010 5:00pm
Description of Invention: This technology includes methods and compositions for rescuing or reestablishing the ability of HIV-specific, cytotoxic T-cells (CD8 T-cells) to proliferate and kill HIV-infected cells such as CD4 cells. Additionally, this invention provides a means for evaluating the ability of therapeutic vaccines or other therapies to reestablish CD8 T-cell function during HIV infection. As an immunotherapy, this technology involves treating peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from an HIV or AIDS patient to reestablish CD8 T-cell function and returning the treated cells to the patient. It is anticipated that this technology could provide an alternative to antiretroviral therapy (ART).
This technology arose from research aimed at understanding why HIV infection does not progress in a subset of HIV-infected individuals, called long-term nonprogressors (LTNP). During the course of HIV infection HIV-specific CD8 T-cells from HIV progressors lose the ability to proliferate and kill HIV-infected cells using cytotoxins such as perforin and granzymes A and B. Unlike HIV progressors, it has been shown that CD8 T-cells from LTNP retain the ability to proliferate and use cytotoxins to kill HIV-infected cells. This technology provides a means for rescuing HIV-specific CD8 T-cell proliferation and cytotoxic functions in HIV progressors.
Treatment of HIV infection
Assessing the effectiveness of therapeutic vaccines or other immune therapies
Novel strategy for treating HIV infection
Direct measure of the reestablishment of CD8 T-cell function
Alternative to ART
Development Status: In vitro data available. Primate studies are underway.
Inventors: Mark Connors (NIAID) Stephen A Migueles (NIAID)
SA Migueles et al. Lytic granule loading of CD8+ T cells is required for HIV-infected cell elimination associated with immune control. Immunity. 2008 Dec 29;29(6):1009-1021. [ PubMed abs ]
Licensing Status: Available for licensing.
Collaborative Research Opportunity: The NIAID Office of Technology Development is seeking statements of capability or interest from parties interested in collaborative research to further develop, evaluate, or commercialize this technology. Please contact Richard Williams at 301-451-3522 for more information.
For Additional Information Please Contact: Sally Hu Ph.D., M.B.A. NIH Office of Technology Transfer 6011 Executive Blvd. Suite 325
Room 21, Rockville, MD 20852 United States Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: 301-435-5606 Fax: 301-402-0220