A data briefing by John Appleby, Chief Economist at the Kings Fund (United Kingdom), brings attention to the rising amount of those expected to live to 100 and asks where it will end. According to the UK Office of National Statistics there seems to be "no end in sight" as far as the number of UK citizens reaching 100 years old is concerned. Approximately 13% of girls born in 1951 are expected to reach this milestone, increasing to 40% for girls born this year and a predicted 60% of those born in 2060. Appleby attributes similar worldwide trends to the fact that people are dying at older ages. Deaths in children under five have fallen by 60% since 1970, and surviving early childhood makes it easier to live a much longer life. The analysis also reveals that gains in life expectancy have more to do with reductions in deaths than reductions in years lived in disability. While life expectancy for women has risen 4.6% since 1990, healthy life expectancy has risen by only 3%.
John Appleby. “How long can we expect to live?” BMJ 2013;346:f331; 22 January 2013.
Worldwide, people are dying at older ages and early childhood survival rates have risen dramatically.
The type of jobs people have may increase their risk for developing asthma.
Getting a good night of rest promotes feelings of gratitude for relationships.
Hot noodle soup served in melamine bowls can prompt the plastic compound to leach and then be ingested.
Increased consumption of lycopene associates with a reduction in the incidence of cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease.
Among older adults, hearing loss associated with accelerated cognitive decline and cognitive impairment.
Vitamins and a protein-rich diet may be key for combating aging-related loss of muscle mass (sarcopenia).
Regular aspirin use may associate with an increased risk of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) – a leading cause of blindness in older people.
Many whole grain foods are not as quite as healthy as you may think.
People who are lonely produce more inflammation-related proteins in response to acute stress, potentially contributing to coronary heart disease and more.
People may lose 30 minutes of life expectancy for every two cigarettes, for being 11 pounds overweight, and for eating an extra portion of red meat daily.
Optimal heart health in middle age helps the odds of living up to 14 years longer, free of cardiovascular disease.
Individuals with telomeres in the shortest 10% may be 23% more likely to die in the three years following measurement of these DNA endcaps.
Two United Nations agencies have mapped the intersection of health and climate in an age of global warming.
What and when we eat can alter our body clocks – consequently impacting overall health, weight, and life expectancy.
Why women live, on average, longer than men may be explained by genetic variation across mitochondria – the energy powerhouses of cells.
Harvard Medical School (US) team urges that the elimination of physical inactivity could reduce global rates deaths by all causes by at least 5.3m annually.
Phobic anxiety associates with shorter telomeres – a marker of a cellular aging, in middle-aged and older women.
A study analyzing 75 years of statistical data suggests that death rates in the United States are dropping.
People who have access to medical care that is comprehensive, readily accessible, and patient-centered are at lower risks of death.
#115 - Emergency Water Disinfection
In the event of a natural disaster, which may compromise your access to water from your tap or bottle source, follow these techniques to purify water for drinking:
Boiling - vigorously, for 10 minutes
Bleaching - add 10-20 drops of household bleach per gallon of water, mix well, and let stand for 30 minutes. A slight smell or taste of chlorine indicates water is good to drink. (Note: do not use scented bleaches, colorsafe bleaches, or bleaches with added cleaners.)
Tablets - commercially available purification tablets
Solar disinfection, known as SODIS - a new technique developed by researchers at the Swiss Federal Institute for Environmental Science and Technology. Clear plastic bottles are filled with water and left in the sun. The heat warms the water and the combination of warm water and ultraviolet radiation kills most microorganisms. The Institute’s tests showed that 99.9% of the E. coli in a sample of contaminated water were killed when the sun heated the water beyond 122F (50C). At that temperature, disinfection takes about an hour, but placing a corrugated metal sheet under the bottle can shorten the time. Additional tests demonstrate SODIS as an effective approach for killing the cholera bacteria, Vibrio cholerae, and that it could inactivate parasites including the diarrhea-causing Cryptosporidium.