This post marks the first of a new series where I’ll give credit to a lot of the people who in one way or another have made me better at what I do. In most cases, they’ll be quick tips that I’ve taken away and applied immediately into my existing methodology. Very few of them will require more than a few sentences to explain - and I’ll usually give you some recommended reading at the end of the entry.
Today’s tip was one I picked up from Bill Hartman on a recent trip to Indianapolis. Keep in mind that this is more along the lines of “knowledge for the sake of being smart,” not because many of these provocative tests are ones that should be used by those who aren’t trained as physical therapists.
Taking it a step further, though, you’ll also see people who have back pain plus these issues on diagnostic imaging, yet that doesn’t necessarily mean that the imaging finding is clinical significant (the pain might be coming from something else). One classic test that’s been used to test for neural tension in this regard is the slump test.
As is the case with most physical assessments, though, a good test should simulate the injury mechanism, and while the slump test gets things rolling in the right direction, Bill actually mentioned that he favors a McKenzie-influenced repeated flexion test (slump test only involves a single “bout” of flexion) - which essentially simulates how you’d herniate a disc in a laboratory setting. If someone has a one of these findings on the MRI, plus back pain, but this repeated flexion test doesn’t provoke their symptoms, chances are that the pain is coming from somewhere else (muscular, etc.). If symptoms are exacerbated, it’s probably related to the disc issue. Of course, repeated extension would apply to more posterior issue.
Of course, check with a qualified physical therapist for issues along these lines; you don’t want to be self-diagnosing or provoking something on your own. However, the trainers and strength and conditioning coaches in the crowd can use this information attained by physical therapists to classify folks as extension-based or flexion-based back pain and program exercise accordingly alongside rehabilitation initiatives. I covered this in some detail in Lower Back Savers: Part I.