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Low blood vitamin D and birth by c-section

Posted Oct 26 2009 11:00pm
Tonight I'm prepping for the class I teach at UConn on Wednesday nights and the topic of the evening is vitamin D. Since the text I'm teaching out of is a bit outdated with respect to the recent findings on vitamin D, I had to do some extra researching to provide accurate info to my students. In my search, I came across this interesting study on the relationship between low blood vitamin D levels and c-section deliveries. So, because my brain is engulfed in thoughts on pregnancy and delivery, I was quite happy to share this all with you.

Association between vitamin D deficiency and primary cesarean section

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Mar;94(3):940-5

BACKGROUND: At the turn of the 20th century, women commonly died in childbirth due to rachitic pelvis. Although rickets virtually disappeared with the discovery of the hormone vitamin D, recent reports suggest vitamin D deficiency is widespread in industrialized nations. Poor muscular performance is an established symptom of vitamin D deficiency. The current U.S. cesarean birth rate is at an all-time high of 30.2%. We analyzed the relationship between maternal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] status, and prevalence of primary cesarean section.

METHODS: Between 2005 and 2007, we measured maternal and infant serum 25(OH)D at birth and abstracted demographic and medical data from the maternal medical record at an urban teaching hospital (Boston, MA) with 2500 births per year. We enrolled 253 women, of whom 43 (17%) had a primary cesarean.

RESULTS: There was an inverse association with having a cesarean section and serum 25(OH)D levels. We found that 28% of women with serum 25(OH)D less than 37.5 nmol/liter had a cesarean section, compared with only 14% of women with 25(OH)D 37.5nmol/liter or greater (P = 0.012). In multivariable logistic regression analysis controlling for race, age, education level, insurance status, and alcohol use, women with 25(OH)D less than 37.5 nmol/liter were almost 4 times as likely to have a cesarean than women with 25(OH)D 37.5 nmol/liter or greater (adjusted odds ratio 3.84; 95% confidence interval 1.71 to 8.62).

CONCLUSION: Vitamin D deficiency was associated with increased odds of primary cesarean section.
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