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Fitness Hack: How to Run Faster [5 Simple Tips]

Posted Feb 10 2011 9:22pm
Running in heels may make you stylish (or insane) but they won't make you faster.

Two weeks ago found me feeling sorry for myself on Twitter, complaining about my slow-for-me mile time. When I asked for tips to run a faster mile I got a ton of good information. (And also a throw-down - Reader Taylor challenged me to a race duel. He kicked my trash. Technically I owe him a smoothie but knowing how disgusting my shakes are I'm pretty sure he's going to pass on that.) Speedy runners and blog friends Adam from The Boring Runner and Tricia from Endurance Isn't Only Physical took me under their well-muscled wing.

While the tips didn't help me then - I was looking to improve my mile time in, like, 3 days (instant gratification!) for the fit blogger competition - they certainly are helping me now. Today I ran a mile in 5 minutes! ...Broken into 5 one-minute chunks, that is. Psych! I'm not that speedy yet but being able to run one minute at 12 mph five times felt pretty awesome so I'll take it. Plus, Gym Buddy Allison talked all the Gym Buddies into signing up for the Lucky 7 (7K) race in March so I need to get my sea legs back. (Reasoning: It has such great race swag!)

Maybe you've found yourself in the same spot: you've been running for years and you have a nice comfy pace but rather than being middle of the pack, maybe you want to try for upper-middle - you know, the spot where people start throwing elbows or edging you out. Or perhaps you're new to running and you'd just like to pick up the pace a little for your next 5K so the sweeper truck isn't hot on your heels. There's a ton of information out there for runners looking to increase their distance, but not as much for increasing your speed.

Charlotte's Tips for Running Faster (Gleaned from people much, much smarter than me.)

1. Get chased by a hippo. Belying their placid bovine appearance, these water mammals are a) really mean and b) can run faster than 30 miles per hour . If those teeth coming after you aren't enough incentive to pick up the pace, then I can't help you.

1. (For real now.) Take smaller steps. It seems counter-intuitive right? Whenever I "run fast" I used to take huge leaping strides thinking that I was covering more ground. Not so, says Adam who has cut his marathon time by 45 minutes over the past two years, "Shortening your stride is going to lower the overall effort as well as reduce the pounding on your legs. It takes a lot of force/energy to push off and shoot yourself forward in large leaps. (This is why chi-running is so popular.) However in the short term, it raises your heart rate."

2. Mix it up. No matter how short or long your run is you will eventually reach a point where you just feel like you can't do it any more. Some runners start counting their steps or repeating a mantra. Others play around with their foot strike, stride, breathing or posture. Whatever it takes to distract yourself from the pain, do it! Half of running is mental and you need a strategy to keep your head in the game.

3. Tempo runs. A tempo run is a run that you do at a speed you could hold for an hour. So you're not going full out but still pretty hard. Adam explains, "These runs will put you at the edge of threshold, but will not get you into the point of lactic acid buildup. So, it trains your body to flush it out acid while still outputting at a high level. Important for your mile (to a certain extent) but vital for your 7K and longer races."

4. Amp up the music. I n The Times (UK) Dr Costas Karageorghis "calls music sport’s “legal drug”, capable of increasing performance by 20 per cent while reducing an athlete’s perception of effort by 10 per cent." The trick is to pick music with a tempo that matches how fast you want to run. 2000m world record-holder Haile Gilbrselassie famously used the song Scatman to pace himself during his record-breaking run. (Side note: Scatman would run me right off the track in search of a vat of water to dunk my head in to drown out the annoying techno. Nails, meet chalkboard. But to each his own!)

5. Interval workouts. If you want to get faster, you're going to have to do some speedwork. For most runners this is the most painful part of the process as it requires you to push yourself to your max. Several of the Gym Buddies would rather run 5 miles at a moderate pace than do Tabata intervals for 5 minutes. (Not that that gets them out of it!) The great thing about interval workouts though is they're generally pretty short. The exact interval that is best for you depends on the length of race you're training for but the general idea is to alternate stretches of sprinting with stretches of jogging.

There was one tip listed on most websites that did not make my list: lose weight. People often think that running will give you that professional runner's body but in my experience it's the other way around. People with that greyhound body type are naturally very fast runners. I'm not saying that you can't lose weight while running - it's possible although not as easy as people think - nor am I saying that pro runners don't work hard for their skills. I'm just saying that lighter people run faster because their bodies are more efficient for running. But losing weight (and all the eating-disorder shenanigans that brings up for me) just to lower my mile time is not a sacrifice I'm willing to make. It's up to you if this tip makes your list for running faster.

Do you have a fave running tip? What kind of music gets you to pick up your pace? (These days I'm all about Usher's "More" . Yes I'm 12, shut up. Listen to it - I dare you not to run when you hear it!) Do you think runners' bodies are born or made?

PS. I love you meanliving!!!

Written with love by Charlotte Hilton Andersen for The Great Fitness Experiment (c) 2011. If you enjoyed this, please check out my new book The Great Fitness Experiment: One Year of Trying Everything for more of my crazy antics and uncomfortable over-shares!
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