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Exercise and Type 2 Diabetes: Joint Position Statement

Posted Feb 02 2011 9:54am


In a position statement that recently was published in ACSM’s Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise publication, physical activity is considered a key element in the prevention and control of Type 2 Diabetes. This joint statement was approved by the American Diabetes Association.

Several key points were made including that a combination of aerobic and strength training may be more effective in controlling diabetes than either one by itself. Milder forms of exercise such as stretching, yoga or tai chi have shown mixed results in blood glucose control. Although these are helpful supplements to exercise, they should not replace regular aerobic or strength training in the control or prevention of Type 2 diabetes.

Another key finding was that supervision by qualified exercise trainers is imperative since it showed the greatest effect on blood glucose. The belief is that participants received higher quality exercise counseling with supervised exercise sessions and therefore complied with their program better. Also noted is that persons with Type 2 diabetes should incorporate 150 minutes per week of moderate to vigorous aerobic exercise spread over a minimum of 3 days per week.

Evidence also shows that higher levels of physical activity and moderate exercise intensities may reduce the risk of developing gestational diabetes.

Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. Vol. 42, No. 12, December 2010. pp. 2282 – 2303. ACSM and the American Diabetes Association.

In a position statement that recently was published in ACSM’s Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise publication, physical activity is considered a key element in the prevention and control of Type 2 Diabetes. This joint statement was approved by the American Diabetes Association.

Several key points were made including that a combination of aerobic and strength training may be more effective in controlling diabetes than either one by itself. Milder forms of exercise such as stretching, yoga or tai chi have shown mixed results in blood glucose control. Although these are helpful supplements to exercise, they should not replace regular aerobic or strength training in the control or prevention of Type 2 diabetes.

Another key finding was that supervision by qualified exercise trainers is imperative since it showed the greatest effect on blood glucose. The belief is that participants received higher quality exercise counseling with supervised exercise sessions and therefore complied with their program better. Also noted is that persons with Type 2 diabetes should incorporate 150 minutes per week of moderate to vigorous aerobic exercise spread over a minimum of 3 days per week.

Evidence also shows that higher levels of physical activity and moderate exercise intensities may reduce the risk of developing gestational diabetes.

Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. Vol. 42, No. 12, December 2010. pp. 2282 – 2303. ACSM and the American Diabetes Association.

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