Cysts in the pelvic cavity, occur mainly in women who are in their reproductive years. They grow on the ovaries and are produced from fluid filled sacs which look a bit like blisters. Normally no treatment is required for many cysts that are common. The causes of cysts are varied and dependant upon their type may result from oestrogen or progesterone imbalance to dysfunctional ovaries.
If the follice that contains and releases an egg does not dissolve after the release of the egg at ovulation then a cyst will form from this undissolved sac. Hormonal imbalances between oestrogen and progesterone in the condition polycystic ovary syndrome causes multiple cysts to grow.
Other cysts will form due to a mixture of reasons. Dermoid cysts are filled with various types of tissue including skin and hair. Endometriosis cysts are blood cysts and occur when the tissue from the lining of the uterus attaches to the ovaries. This will bleed every month when a woman has her period, causing the cyst to swell.
Cells can develop on the outer surface of the ovaries and are called adenoma cysts. There is a syndrome called polycystic ovary syndrome which causes the outer shell of the ovaries to harden and thicken making ovulation impossible. This may result in infertility. These cysts result from a build up of follicle cysts and the syndrome results from a hormonal imbalance and there can be quite a lot of symptoms along with the cysts including, excessive weight gain and an increase in bodily hair.
A dull ache in the lower abdomen along with pain or bleeding may indicate a cyst. Although a large majority of cysts do not cause symptoms and therefore a women may not ever know that they have one.
Surgery is not usually indicated in the case of cysts. Unless they rupture or grow very large and start to cause a lot of pain. The majority of cysts disappear of their own accord within a few months of appearing.