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Core Training for Triathletes

Posted Jun 08 2011 12:12am

If you've been involved in the exercise arena at all the past few years, you're most likely familiar with core training and the concepts behind core training, which basically involves functional training for the abdominal, low back, and pelvic muscles. Since many functional movements, such as running, lifting, or twisting, originate in the torso, it is important to maintain strength and balance in this part of the body. Today we'll examine the best way for a triathlete to work the core, not only in terms of the best exercises, but also in terms of how often, how many sets and reps, length of rest periods, etc.

First of all, understand the importance of the torso complex in multi-sport training. Proper "downhill" swimming involves constantly pressing the chest or shoulders down towards the bottom of the pool, relying on a light, albeit constant, downward contraction in the ab muscles and a resistive contraction to upward movement in the low back muscles. Both the flutter kick and stroke actions in the legs and arms also rely on light, repetitive contractions in the oblique and pelvic floor muscles. In the bicycle portion, the low back must maintain a consistent extension force against the weight of the upper body and the shoulders, unless you are in the aero position during the entire ride, which is unlikely. Proper running cadence, with a slight forward lean and a proud posture, again involves repetitive, light contractions in the ab musculature. Based on these stresses placed on the torso, it is unlikely that heavy sets of 8-10 reps for the abs and low back will result in much cross-over benefit to the torso. So the primary focus should be on balance, light weight, and higher rep sets lasting from 1-2 minutes or longer. Let's go over a sample routine that would be perfect for triathletes. Click on the links for each exercise to see a description and photo/video example.

Videos are in Quicktime format. If you have difficulty opening a video, you may need the free Quicktime Version 7 player or an update on your current Quicktime player - click hereto go to the Quicktime webpage and download the free software.

Bicycle crunches: 25 per side - focus on smooth contractions and full extension in legs with each kick

Superman:20 - focus on a brief hold when arms and legs are raised off floor...butt cheeks should be squeezed together

Standing one arm overhead press:20 per side - drive knee as far up towards chest as possible so that it feels like a standing crunch

Mountain climbers:20 to each side - make sure that you are in a completely extended, "plank" position, and that knees come as close to elbows as possible.

Six inch crunches:20 - go slow. A set of 20 should take 2 minutes or longer.

For a great 30 minute core routine, complete all these exercises as a circuit, moving from one exercise to the next with as little rest as possible. Perform the circuit 3x. A workout such as this should only be performed 3 times per week at the most, and for many active multi-sport athletes, once per week should be sufficient to induce both endurance, strength, and balance gains in the core musculature that will make you a better triathlete.

Remember, triathletes who train with www.pacificfit.netnot only receive specific swim, bike, and run workout instructions, with details of exactly what to do for each day, but also receive instructions on how to properly train the body in the gym, which is an important component of injury prevention, increased force, and peak performance.

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