Carbohydrates provide all the cells in the body with the energy they need for everyday tasks (often referred to as activities of daily living) and for physical activity. Carbohydrates provide the fuel for your muscles and organs (such as your brain). Carbohydrates should be the main source of calories in your diet. No matter your age, about 45-65% of your calories should come from carbohydrates each day. Carbohydrates are divided into two groups, simple and complex.
Simple carbohydrates are easily digested by the body and are found in:
-Fruit and fruit juice
-Candy and dessert
-Milk and yogurt
-Non starchy vegetables
-Sugar and honey
Complex carbohydrates are found in almost all plant-based foods and usually take longer for the body to digest. They are most commonly found in:
-Bread (refined or whole grain)
-Pasta (refined or whole grain)
-Rice (refined or whole grain)
-Crackers (refined or whole grain)
-Cereal (hot or cold)
An extremely low-carbohydrate diet can be very dangerous to a person’s overall well-being. If you do not eat enough carbohydrates, fatigue, muscle cramps, and poor mental function can occur.