Health knowledge made personal
Join this community!
› Share page:
Go
Search posts:

Glossary G

Posted Jun 02 2009 4:41pm

G

Ganglion
(Plural: ganglia) Usually, a group of nerve cell bodies lying outside of the central nervous system (CNS); also used for one group of nerve cell bodies within the CNS – the basal ganglia.
Gastric
Related to the stomach.
Gastric Juices
Liquids produced in the stomach to help break down food and kill bacteria.
Gastritis
An inflammation of the stomach lining.
Gastroenteritis
An infection or irritation of the stomach and intestines.
Gastroenterologist
A doctor who specializes in digestive diseases or disorders.
Gastroenterology
The field of medicine concerned with the function and disorders of the digestive system.
Gastrointestinal (GI) tract
The muscular tube from the mouth to the anus, also called the alimentary canal or digestive tract.
Gastroparesis
Nerve or muscle damage in the stomach. Also called delayed gastric emptying.
Gastroscopy
Examination of the inside of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum using an endoscope.
Gastrostomy (G-tube)
A method of enteral feeding in which a tube is surgically introduced through the abdominal wall.
Gene
The functional and physical unit of heredity passed from parent to offspring. Genes are pieces of DNA, and most genes contain the information for making a specific protein.
Gene expression
The process by which the instructions in genes are converted to messenger RNA, which directs protein synthesis.
Genome
The complete genetic material of an organism.
GER (gastroesophageal reflux)
Also called acid reflux, a condition where the contents of the stomach regurgitates (or backs up) into the esophagus (food pipe), causing discomfort.
GERD (Gastroesophageal reflux disease)
A condition characterized by symptoms and/or tissue damage that results from repeated or prolonged exposure of the lining of the esophagus to acidic contents from the stomach.
Glial cell
A type of cell that surrounds nerve cells and holds them in place. Glial cells also insulate nerve cells from each other.
Global
Overall or multiple (e.g., global symptoms).
Globus
A sensation of something stuck or of a lump or tightness in the throat.
Gluten intolerance
See Celiac disease.
Gut
Intestines.
Keep reading....
Post a comment
Write a comment:

Related Searches