Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease, which on long run can affect the entire body. Diabetes is caused by having too much glucose or sugar in the blood.
Carbohydrate is broken down in stomach and glucose is separated by the small intestine and realized in to the blood stream. On seeing the level of glucose in blood pancreas will release certain quantity of insulin with respect to the level of glucose in blood. Glucose is start consumed by the body once insulin is secreted by pancreas into the blood stream. After glucose consumption, the excess of glucose is stored in the liver by converting glucose into glucogen.
If no food consumed for certain period of time, then there will be shortage of glucose in blood. Low glucose level means low level of insulin in blood, on seeing this liver convert stored glucogen into glucose and realized into the blood stream to maintain blood glucose level.
Human Insulin hormone
The above said all glucose related conversions are controlled by insulin secreted by the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone and it is the controlling or commenting signal that controls carbohydrate metabolism and helps to maintain normal blood glucose level in blood.
Diabetes Mellitus definition
If there is any shortage of insulin secretion or improper utilization (insulin resistance) of insulin leads to increased blood glucose level in blood called as Diabetes Mellitus.
Causes of diabetes is still unknown even after many researches.
Diabetes risk factors
Some of the factors can increases the chances of having diabetes called as diabetes risk-factors.
Some of the risk factors of diabetes are:
Obesity – being over weight or obese can increases the chances of insulin resistance that in-turn leads to high blood glucose level called diabetes.
Sedentary life – Certain amount of physical activity is a must for the body to perform well. But today’s sedentary life isolates us from any physical activity that leads to obesity or over weight. Also low physical activity increases the blood glucose level because of low utilization (burning of glucose).
Family history of diabetes – If mother had diabetes then there are chances to have diabetes, if father had diabetes then chances to have diabetes is more and if both father and mother had diabetes then chances to have diabetes is much more.
Gestational diabetes – If a mother had gestational diabetes during pregnancy then there are more chances of having diabetes for both the mother and the baby in the age advances.
If you are at high risk of having diabetes then one most important step to limit the chances of having diabetes is
Increased physical activity
Loss body weight
If both these things are achieved then diabetes can be avoided or at-least can be postponed.