Prolonged high blood glucose affects blood vessels and nerves that lead to many diabetes complications. People with diabetes are at a high risk of heart attack, stroke, blindness, kidney disease, loss of a toe or foot, erectile dysfunction and depression. But can be avoided or at least postpones by proper diabetes management.
The one and only method to avoid diabetes complication is to have the blood glucose level near normal, also have glycated hemoglobin A1C test for every 4 month and plan diabetes treatment according for effective results.
Some of the known Diabetic complications are:
Diabetic Neuropathy - Neuropathy nerve damage, long term of diabetes may, over time, develop nerve damage throughout the body called diabetic neuropathies, a set of nerve disorders developed due to high level of blood glucose or sugar.
Diabetic foot – Every diabetic should have special care for their foot to prevent amputation. People with neuropathy have loss of sensation in the foot, so sores or injuries may be left unnoticed and thus may end up with amputation.
Diabetes heart or brain attack - Statistic's says 2 out of 3 people with diabetes die from heart disease and stroke. But can be prevented by managing blood glucose level near normal, at most of the time.
Diabetes eye diseases– Also called by diabetic Retinopathy or Macular edema. In diabetic retinopathy, blood vessels may swell and leak fluid or abnormal new fragile blood vessels grow on the surface of the retina. If untreated causing blindness.
Diabetic Gastroparesis– Gastroparesis is due to vagus nerve demage which results in delayed stomach emptying. Diabetic Gastroparesis is a disorder of stomach that takes too long to empty its contents. It is caused by vagus nerve damage may be due to high blood glucose level in blood.
Diabetic Neuropathy (Diabetic Kidney disease) - Diabetes is the most common cause of kidney failure called nephropathy, accounting nearly 44 percent of total cases.
Erectile dysfunction - Diabetes can affect a man’s sexual life by causing erection difficulty called erectile dysfunction (ED). ED means man can't have or keep an erection; ED is commonly called as impotence.
Diabetes female dysfunctions - Long term of diabetes may cause sexual dysfunction in females. Most common among them are vaginal dryness, discomfort and lack of desire or absent of response.
Diabetic control bladder problems - Prolong diabetes in men and women may damage nerves, thus causing urologic problems that may include bladder problems and incontinence.
Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) - Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that usually develops when micro-organism enters the opening of the urethra and multiplies in the urinary tract. People with diabetes are frequently affected by UTI than those without diabetes.
Diabetic depression – There is a strong link between diabetes and depression. Diabetes depression is associated with poorer diabetes care and blood glucose level. Depression is more in people with diabetes compared to people without diabetes.