1. Moderate exercise daily. Exercise is good for your diabetes. But if you are not use to exercise then start in moderation. 15 minutes gentle walking each day will ease you into a regular exercising pattern.
2. Portion control is a key. Reduce the amount of food on your plate so you gradually eat less and start to lose weight. Drink a glass of plain water or a sugar-free drink before your meal to take the edge of any hunger pains. Keep fish and lean meat and poultry portion to about 3 ounces (or the size of a deck of cards or the palm of your hand). Bake, broil, or grill it. USE LESS OIL... remember their are about 125 calories per tablespoon.
Eat 5 times a day. 3 main meals and 2 mini meals
3. Visit your doctor regularly. Get you A1C every 3 months. At my house we call it the "we'll know you've been cheating test. My goal is 7 and under.
4. Check the carbohydrates of the foods you are eating – lower is better. Knowing what each food contains helps maintain your blood-sugars. Eat healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables, fish, lean meats, chicken or turkey without the skin, LOT'S of dry peas or beans, whole grains, and low-fat or skim milk and a little less cheese. Eat foods that have less fat and salt.
5. Drink plenty of water every day. If you keep a bottle of water with you and sip frequently you'll be surprised how much you do drink throughout the day.
6. Cook with monounsaturated fats like canola and olive oil.
7.Take your diabetic medicines even when you feel good.Check your blood glucose. You may want to test it one or more times a day. Check your blood pressure if your doctor advises.