Diabetic Exchange Diet Foods - Can They Help in Treating Diabetes?
Posted Oct 15 2009 10:04pm
The American Diabetes Association and Dietetic Association are famous for having evolved an amazing system of good foods for diabetics. The system is now identified as Diabetic Exchange Diet Foods that can work well in treating diabetes. The list of foods for diabetics is given as diabetic food pyramid on the label of the food product. However, it is advisable that you consult a registered dietitian before consuming the food product.
The dietitian is the apt person to give a meal plan on diabetic diet foods that can help control blood glucose levels. The diabetic will also be advised to measure the amount of food to eat while on diet, and will be guided to consume 3 meals and 2 or three snacks every day. The diet foods are divided into six groups, each group consisting of different foods to eat in different measures. By that way, one can ensure the right way of eating foods daily in right measure. Thus the grouping of foods with flexible internal exchange is the prime interest of diabetic exchange diet foods.
Meat and cheese: The exchange diet for meat includes lean meat and low fat substitutes for 50 calories, medium fat meat and substitutes for 75 calories, and high fat meat for 100 calories. The size of each category of the exchange diet is one ounce. Protein can be had by eating fish, poultry, dried beans, and legumes.
Starch and bread: Each exchange includes carbohydrates-15 grams, protein-3 grams, and a little amount of fat to give totally 80 calories where the serving size may differ. Usually, 1/2 cup cooked cereal, grain, or pasta constitutes one exchange. For bread product, it is one ounce for one serving.
Vegetables: The diabetic can have vegetables-cooked (1/2 cup), raw 1 cup, and juice (1/2 cup). Each group contains carbohydrates-5 grams, protein-2 grams, and fiber-2 to 3 grams. The vegetables may be fresh or frozen. Canned food is good if it contains low sodium.
Fruits: Eating fruits containing carbohydrates-15 grams is recommended to give 60 calories. The serving may be 1/2 banana or1 small orange as 1 exchange.
Milk: A cup or 6 ounce of milk is 1 exchange diet for 80 calories. Skimmed milk or very low fat milk is good for those having cholesterol.
Fats: Fats are stored for extra calories for future need. The fat exchange is 50 calories which may vary in serving size. Fats are stored in butter, margarine, oils, and dairy products. It is usually better to avoid saturated fats.