Injection Sclerotherapy is used for the treatment of small internal hemorrhoids that would not qualify for other treatments such as rubber band ligation. Injection Sclerotherapy is also used in a variety of other medical procedures where the goal is to cut off the blood supply to an area such as aggravated varicose veins. This hemorrhoid treatment is performed in the doctors office.
The procedure of the injection sclerotherapy involves the patient lying on his or her side and the anal cavity opened with the use of a proctoscope. The doctor than inserts a chemical through a needle into the hemorrhoid. The chemical used causes the vein to harden which cuts off the blood supply to the hemorrhoid and eventually (three to five days later) falls off. Injection Sclerotherapy is as effective as other surgical hemorrhoid treatments but the hemorrhoid needs to be pretty small in size in order to be a candidate for this particular hemorrhoid treatment.
Even though this procedure is performed in the doctor's office the side effects can be pretty extreme ranging from the development of ulcers in the rectum to an allergic reaction to the chemical used to infection of the prostate gland and infection of the rectum area. As with most typical treatments for hemorrhoids the injection sclerotherapy will take care of the present hemorrhoid the majority of the time but it does not lower your chances of developing hemorrhoids in the future.
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