The disease gingivitis (shitada as known in Ayurveda) is a world wide problem since ancient era. Gingival bleeding is an early indication of gingivitis and it often leads to periodontitis, which is a destructive disease of the supporting structure of the teeth.
Gingivitis is a common problem in 20-40 age group. Neglecting oral hygiene allows deposition of food particles and allows invasions of harmful microorganims. The bacterila colonies convert into plaque and calculus form. The removal calculus and plaque by scaling in the early stage of periodontal disease is the line of treatment and in advanced stage the gingival pockets may have to be surgically removed by gingivectomy. Otherwise the tooth may have to be extracted.
According to ayurveda, oral hygiene methods have a vital role to play in the management of dantamulagat roga (gum disease). certain ayurvedic drugs like Triphala, Yashti, Musta, Nimba, etc have proven antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties which help in combating these dental diseases and which helps not only in elimination of these diseases but also to regain oral hygiene.