Holiday celebrations are not complete without a bounty of food on the table. That’s why gathering over a feast has been a part of every merrymaking, especially during the holidays. But the festivity might turn into a tragedy if the food served makes you and your guests sick.
This is the last thing that we ever want to happen when we’re enjoying the holidays. So, to protect our family and friends from any foodborne illness, let’s practice these 4 basic food safety measures issued by the FDA.
1. Clean: The first rule of safe food preparation in the home is to keep everything clean.
Wash hands with warm water and soap for 20 seconds before and after handling food. “For children, this means the time it takes to sing ‘Happy Birthday’ twice,” says Davidson.
Wash food-contact surfaces (cutting boards, dishes, utensils, countertops) with hot, soapy water after preparing each food item and before going on to the next item.
Rinse fruits and vegetables thoroughly under running water and use a produce brush to remove surface dirt.
Do not rinse raw meat and poultry before cooking. “Washing these foods makes it more likely for bacteria to spread to areas around the sink and countertops,” says Davidson.
2. Separate: Don’t give bacteria the opportunity to spread from one food to another (cross-contaminate).
Keep raw meat, poultry, and seafood and their juices away from foods that won’t be cooked while shopping in the store, and while preparing and storing at home.
Consider using one cutting board only for foods that will be cooked (raw meat, poultry, and seafood) and another one only for ready-to-eat foods (such as raw fruits and vegetables).
Do not put cooked meat on an unwashed plate that has held raw meat.
3. Cook: Food is safely cooked when it reaches a high enough internal temperature to kill harmful bacteria.
“Color is not a reliable indicator of doneness,” says Davidson. Use a food thermometer to make sure meat, poultry, and fish are cooked to a safe internal temperature. To check a turkey for safety, insert a food thermometer into the innermost part of the thigh and wing and the thickest part of the breast. The turkey is safe when the temperature reaches 165ºF. If the turkey is stuffed, the temperature of the stuffing should be 165ºF. Make sure oysters in oyster dressing are thoroughly cooked.
Bring sauces, soups, and gravies to a rolling boil when reheating.
Cook eggs until the yolk and white are firm. When making your own eggnog or other recipe calling for raw eggs, use pasteurized shell eggs, liquid or frozen pasteurized egg products, or powdered egg whites.
Don’t eat uncooked cookie dough, which may contain raw eggs.
4. Chill: Refrigerate foods quickly because harmful bacteria grow rapidly at room temperature.
Refrigerate leftovers and takeout foods within two hours.
Set your refrigerator no higher than 40ºF and the freezer at 0ºF. Check both periodically with an appliance thermometer.
Never defrost food at room temperature. Food can be defrosted safely in the refrigerator, under cold running water, or in the microwave. Food thawed in cold water or in the microwave should be cooked immediately.
Allow the correct amount of time to properly thaw food. For example, a 20-pound turkey needs four to five days to thaw completely when thawed in the refrigerator.
Don’t taste food that looks or smells questionable. Davidson says, “A good rule to follow is, when in doubt, throw it out.”
Keep safe and healthy this holiday season and all will be happy. Have fun!