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Posted Sep 13 2008 3:58am

The Nei Jing (The Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Internal Medicine), compiled during the period of Huang Di-The Yellow Emperor (2697-2597), includes The Ling Shu or Spiritual Axis, an acupuncture section relevant to contemporary clinical applications.

Included in The Ling Shu is the “five needling approaches,” a five-tissue layer needling method corresponding to the five zang organs. This method focuses on needling in the cutaneous region for skin conditions, near the vessel for vascular diseases, at the tendon level for tendon conditions, along the muscle for muscular conditions, and along the bone for skeletal conditions. This needling method is used to treat at the tissue level and also to treat the five corresponding organs—correlating as: skin-lung, vessel-heart, tendon-liver, muscle-spleen, and bone-kidney. Five different kinds of needling therapy are utilized, respectively.

Ban Ci. Needling involves shallow, rapid insertion of the needle; the needle is not retained and the muscle is not contacted. The Ban Ci method brings blood up to the skin layer and treats dermatology conditions by regulating qi and blood. This technique is suitable for lung-related illness such as cough, asthma and fever.

Bao Wen Ci. Indirectly needling around a selected acupoint to pierce the collateral vessels, Bao Wen Ci pricking therapy focuses on inserting the needle into the blood vessel, or alongside the artery to treat blood vessel diseases. An effective method for high fever, arteriosclerosis, and heart disease.

Guan Ci. Guan Ci needling method involves inserting the needle to or along the tendon. This needling therapy can treat spasms, stiffness and weak tendons. Pricking tendons around the joints can treat joint pain and stiffness. Guan Ci is effective in treating liver and gallbladder disease.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License. It can be used as long as credit is attributed to the author by including the following section :

“Written by Rev. Dr. Richard Browne”

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