Ayurveda description of Kumkuma- Saffron -Crocus sativus
Posted Jan 19 2011 7:14am
In texts of Ayurveda the herb Crocus Sativus or kumkuma or saffron is grouped under “Varnya” gana. Varnya means the one which imparts fairness and glow to skin.
Saffron is one of the costliest spices used in Ayurveda, Unani and Chinese medicinal preparations. It is used extensively in European, North African, and Asian cuisines as a seasoning and coloring agent. The history of this plant’s origin and cultivation can be traced back to 3000 years in the region of Central Asia.
The saffron plant is flowering perennial plant. Purple colored flower of this plant bears three stigmas. The plucked and dried stigmas are used in cooking, medicine preparations and beauty products.
Saffron contains a carotenoid called crocin which imparts bright golden yellow color to dishes.
Ayurveda qualities of Saffron or Kumkuma
According ayurveda pharmacology, saffron is bitter to taste and increases body fire. It balances tridoshas (vata, pitta and kapha).
Ayurveda Medicinal properties of saffron
Effect on skin: .It helps to reduce dark pigments, dark circles under eyes, acne and pimple. It helps to increase fairness and glow of skin.
Effect On Central Nervous System: Saffron is used as an active ingredient in ayurveda preparations for diseases of central nervous system.
In Rheumatoid arthritis: It is very effective in Rheumatoid arthritis.
Effect On Digestive System: Kumkuma or saffron helps to increase appetite .It also reduces indigestion, diarrhea, vomiting and acidity
Effect on Circulatory system: Saffron acts as a cardiac tonic and is used to treat diseases which originate from vitiation of blood.
Effect on Excretory system: It helps in easy flow of urine and hence used in retention of urine.
Effect on reproductive system:
1.Male reproductive system: Saffron rejuvenates male reproductive system. This property is used in ayurveda to treat conditions like erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, low sperm count and low sperm motility.
2.Female reproductive system: Saffron helps to ease the menstrual flow and acts as antispasmodic. Hence it is used in dysmenorrhea, primary amenorrhea and to ease delivery of baby.
Effect on whole body: These beautiful red stigmas help to rejuvenate body and act as “rasayana”. They boost body immunity and increase energy level.