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A Weighted Surveillance Approach for Detecting Chronic Wasting Disease Foci

Posted Jan 28 2010 11:08am
Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 46(1), 2010, pp. 118-135
© Wildlife Disease Association 2010


A Weighted Surveillance Approach for Detecting Chronic Wasting Disease Foci

Daniel P. Walsh1,2 and Michael W. Miller1
1 Wildlife Health Program, Colorado Division of Wildlife, Wildlife Research Center, 317 West Prospect Road, Fort Collins, Colorado 80526-2097, USA
2 Corresponding author (email: dan.walsh@state.co.us )

ABSTRACT: A key component of wildlife disease surveillance is determining the spread and geographic extent of pathogens by monitoring for infected individuals in regions where cases have not been previously detected. A practical challenge of such surveillance is developing reliable, yet cost-effective, approaches that remain sustainable when monitoring needs are prolonged or continuous, or when resources to support these efforts are limited. In order to improve the efficiency of chronic wasting disease (CWD) surveillance in Colorado, United States, we developed a weighted surveillance system exploiting observed differences in CWD prevalence across demographic strata within infected mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) populations. We used field data to estimate sampling weights for individuals from eight demographic strata distinguished by differences in apparent health, sex, and age. In this system, individuals from a sample source with high prevalence and low inclusion probability (e.g., clinical CWD "suspects") received 10.3 times more weight than those from a source with low prevalence and high inclusion probability (e.g., apparently healthy, hunter-harvested individuals). We simulated use of this alternative surveillance system for a deer management unit in Colorado and evaluated the potential effects of using biased weights on the probability of failing to detect CWD and on relative surveillance costs. We found that this system should be transparent, cost-effective, and reasonably robust to the inadvertent use of biased weights. By implementing this, or a similar, weighted surveillance system, wildlife agencies should be able to maintain or improve current surveillance standards while, perhaps, collecting and examining fewer samples, thereby increasing the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of ongoing CWD surveillance programs.


Key words: Chronic wasting disease, disease detection, mule deer, Odocoileus hemionus, prion, sampling, weighted surveillance.





http://www.jwildlifedis.org/cgi/content/abstract/46/1/118?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&fulltext=prion&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&volume=46&issue=1&resourcetype=HWCIT



Friday, January 15, 2010

Sixteen Additional Deer Test Positive for Chronic Wasting Disease In Hampshire County, West Virginia

http://chronic-wasting-disease.blogspot.com/2010/01/sixteen-additional-deer-test-positive.html




Thursday, January 21, 2010

Chronic Wasting Disease Found in White-tailed Deer in Virginia

http://chronic-wasting-disease.blogspot.com/2010/01/chronic-wasting-disease-found-in-white.html




Thursday, January 21, 2010

Kansas has more CWD cases

http://chronic-wasting-disease.blogspot.com/2010/01/kansas-has-more-cwd-cases.html




Thursday, January 28, 2010

CWD ILLINOIS UPDATE 2010 *Update January 6, 2010

http://chronic-wasting-disease.blogspot.com/2010/01/cwd-illinois-update-2010.html




http://chronic-wasting-disease.blogspot.com/






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