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37th Annual Southeast Deer Study Group Meeting in Athens, Georgia (CWD TSE Prion abstracts)

Posted Mar 07 2014 11:21am
37th Annual Southeast Deer Study Group Meeting in Athens, Georgia (CWD TSE Prion abstracts)

 

Greetings, lot of good info from this study group I did not post. I only posted on cwd. see the pdf file link to see all abstracts.
 
37th Annual Southeast Deer Study Group Meeting in Athens, Georgia
 
THE SOUTHEAST DEER STUDY GROUP
 
The Southeast Deer Study Group was formed as a subcommittee of the Forest Game Committee of the Southeastern Section of The Wildlife Society. The Southeast Deer Study Group Meeting is hosted with the support of the directors of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies. The first meeting was held as a joint Northeast-Southeast Meeting at Fort Pickett, Virginia, on September 6-8, 1977. Appreciating the economic, aesthetic, and biological value of the white-tailed deer in the southeastern United States, the desirability of conducting an annual Southeast Deer Study Group Meeting was recognized and urged by the participants. Since February 1979, these meetings have been held annually for the purpose of bringing together managers, researchers, administrators, and users of this vitally important renewable natural resource. A list of the meetings, their location, and theme are listed below. These meetings provide an important forum for the sharing of research results, management strategies, and discussions that can facilitate the timely identification of, and solutions to, problems relative to the management of white-tailed deer in our region. The Deer Subcommittee was given full committee status in November 1985 at the Southeastern Section of The Wildlife Society’s annual business meeting. In 2006, Delaware was approved as a member.
 
TWS PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
 
The 37th Annual Southeast Deer Study Group meeting can be counted as contact hours for Professional Development/Certification. Each hour of actual meeting time counts as one credit hour (no social time credit). For more information about professional development, visit The Wildlife Society web site, www.wildlife.org.
 
QUALIFYING STATEMENT
 
Abstracts in the Proceedings and presentations at the Southeast Deer Study Group meeting often contain preliminary data and conclusions that have not undergone the peer-review process. This information is provided to foster communication and interaction among researchers, biologists and deer managers. Commercial use of any of the information presented in conjunction with the Southeast Deer Study Group Annual Meeting is prohibited without written consent of the author(s).
 
Participation of any vendor/donor/exhibitor with the Southeast Deer Study Group Annual Meeting does not constitute nor imply endorsement by the Southeast Deer Study Group, the SE Section of The Wildlife Society Deer Committee, the host state, or meeting participants.
 
snip...
 
Gassett – Wildlife Management Institute
 
ABSTRACT: Currently, one of the greatest challenges facing state fish and wildlife agencies is the shift from a science-based management approach to one more driven by public opinion and political pressures. State fish and wildlife agencies are becoming increasingly politicized, with Directors being replaced at an unprecedented rate, state legislatures increasing their scrutiny in wildlife agency decision-making, and increasing involvement and input by outside entities (state agriculture departments, federal agencies, production-oriented industries, insurance companies, etc.). This has resulted in decreased stability of agencies and a subsequent decrease in their ability to make informed decisions based on science. One of the seven tenets of the North American Model for Wildlife Management is the use of “best science” in the management of our resources, and that tenet is under a direct attack by these influences. The motivating factors behind this push presents mid and upper-level managers with increasing levels of risk and uncertainty. State agencies must adapt to these rapid shifts in pressure to successfully blend science, policy, and common sense in order to reduce this threat to the North American Model to an acceptable level.
 
snip...
 
Monday, 1:40 PM
 
PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT IN DEER MANAGEMENT – A COMPARISON AMONG STATE WILDLIFE AGENCIES
 
Kip Adams – Quality Deer Management Association; Brian Murphy – Quality Deer Management Association; Matt Ross – Quality Deer Management Association
 
ABSTRACT: A key component of the North American Model of Wildlife Conservation is that wildlife are public trust resources managed by state agencies. We surveyed all 37 state wildlife agencies in the Midwest, Northeast and Southeast to determine their level and means for engaging the public on deer management issues. Only 18 of 37 states had a published deer management plan. All allowed the public to provide input to it and 11 of 14 allowed the public to serve on the plans’ steering committees. Twenty-seven of 31 states were required to provide public involvement in regulatory changes involving deer. Only 3 of 33 states rated their agency’s effectiveness at communicating with the public as excellent. Excluding Texas, states averaged 2.3 active deer staff, and this number remained stable in 26 of 37 states during the last five years. On a scale of 1 to10, science ranked 7.0 and public desire ranked 5.7 for their impact on deer hunting regulations. Nine of 30 states reported public desire outranked science in these decisions. The most popular means for gauging public sentiment or accepting public comments on deer management/regulatory issues were public meetings (35 of 37 states), email (31 of 37), and traditional mail (30 of 37). Sportsmen and women are becoming increasingly engaged in their states’ deer management program. This is important as white-tailed deer are the most popular big game animal in the United States, and whitetail hunters are the foundation of the $87 billion hunting industry.
 
snip...
 
Monday 9:00 AM
 
CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE: THE POLITICAL DISEASE THAT KILLS
 
John R. Fischer - Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
 
ABSTRACT: Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a fatal transmissible spongiform encephalopathy that naturally affects white-tailed deer, mule deer, elk, moose, red deer, and sika deer. CWD was known to occur in wild cervids in a portion of Colorado and Wyoming from the 1980s until 1996, when it first was found in captive elk in Saskatchewan, in 1997, when it was detected in captive elk herds in South Dakota, and in 2001, when it first was found in captive white-tailed deer. CWD was regarded as a ‘western disease’ until it was confirmed in wild deer in Wisconsin in 2002. To date, CWD has been found in wild cervids in 16 states, Alberta, and Saskatchewan, and in captive cervids in 13 states, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and the Republic of Korea. CWD management is confounded by several epidemiological unknowns, as well as by long incubations periods that may vary with host genotype, and by environmental persistence of the disease agent. A national CWD management plan for wild and captive cervids was published in 2002, and USDA-APHIS-Veterinary Services published a Proposed Rule for a national CWD Herd Certification Program and Interstate Movement of Farmed or Captive Deer, Elk, and Moose in 2003. The Interim Final Rule and accompanying CWD Program Standards were implemented in 2012, and a revised version of the CWD Program Standards is available for public comment through March 2014. Deer managers and their agencies should scrutinize the revised standards and provide comments that promote adequate disease control measures.
 
snip...
 
Monday, 11:30 AM
 
NEGATIVE HUNTER ATTITUDE TOWARDS CWD; IMPLICATIONS FOR HARVEST AND MANAGEMENT
 
Jacob M. Haus – University of Delaware; Jacob L. Bowman – University of Delaware; Brian Eyler – Maryland Department of Natural Resources
 
ABSTRACT Previous research has reported negative hunter attitudes towards CWD and disease related regulations that may limit participation, reduce harvest, and generally complicate management. We surveyed 1,519 Maryland deer hunters from 3 counties of varying proximity to the disease management area (CWDMA) regarding behavioral changes due to CWD. We linked responses to each individual’s 5 year harvest history to examine hunter retention, estimate the reductions in harvest attributable to CWD, and determine the degree to which distance from the disease affected behavior. Overall, 1.1% of respondents claimed to have stopped hunting because of CWD; however 47.1% of those respondents continued to register deer after disease discovery, resulting in a true decrease in retention of no > 0.6%. In the county containing the CWDMA, we observed the greatest percentage of hunters with negative attitudes (22.6%) and the largest reduction in harvest attributable to CWD (7.0%). In the county adjacent to the CWDMA and another county 170 miles southeast of the CWDMA, we observed a decrease in negative attitudes (14.1-16.8%) and no reduction in harvest due to the disease. Negative hunter attitude did not directly correlate with behavior. Behavioral shifts due to CWD were highly localized and had no more impact on annual harvest than normal year to year stochastic variability. Upon initial detection of CWD, we recommend managers implement necessary protocols for disease reduction and containment with the understanding that negative hunter attitude will have negligible impact on harvest.
 
* Student Presenter
 
snip...
 
Tuesday, 4:30 PM
 
RELEASING PEN-RAISED BUCKS TO INCREASE ANTLER SIZE OF WILD DEER POPULATIONS: SIMULATED LONG-TERM GENETIC AND PHENOTYPIC IMPACT
 
Steve Demarais – Mississippi State University; B.K. Strickland – Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Aquaculture, Mississippi State University; S. Webb – Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation; C. McDonald – Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Parks; T. Smith – Department of Animal and Dairy Sciences, Mississippi State University
 
ABSTRACT: Development of large antlers in penned deer, combined with other social influences, has increased interest in releasing pen-raised deer to “improve genetic composition of wild deer populations.” We modeled impact of such releases on average antler size using a livestock model with no ingress/egress to represent a fenced property (Fenced Model) and a model developed at the MSU Deer Lab that includes 10% dispersal/immigration to represent a free-ranging population (Free Model). We modeled release of fawns from pens with an antler distribution averaging 200 gross Boone and Crockett score at five intensities relative to the total population (1%, 5%, 10%, 25% and 50% replacement of the existing native population). After recruitment, we maintained a population of 2,000 animals by removing individuals using natural and harvest mortality. We report the results ten years after release. The impact of releasing pen-raised deer into native populations of white-tailed deer is limited below the 25% release rate (replacing 25% of the native population). Replacing 5% of a free-ranging population with 100 pen-raised deer in a free-ranging population increased B&C score by only 0.8 inch. Replacing 25% of free-ranging population with 500 pen-raised deer improved the score by 12 inches. Releasing pen-raised deer into a fenced property is twice as effective as releasing them into a fenced property; a replacement of only 10% (200 deer) accomplished a 12-inch impact. Assuming a cost of $2,792 per fawn, the cost to produce a one-inch increase in B&C score was $115,000 in a free-ranging population and $56,000 in a fenced property. The increases in B&C score produced by releasing pen-raised deer will not be maintained without intensive management and/or continued release of pen-raised deer.
 
snip...
 
 
 
Saturday, February 22, 2014
 
New chronic wasting disease rules enhance risks professor John Fischer of the University of Georgia told the 37th meeting of the Southeast Deer Study Group
 
 
thanks to the Southeast Deer Study Group !
 
some additional information on cwd, for those interested. ...tss
 
*** PRICE OF CWD TSE PRION POKER GOES UP 2014 ***
 
Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy TSE PRION update January 2, 2014
 
*** chronic wasting disease, there was no absolute barrier to conversion of the human prion protein.
 
*** Furthermore, the form of human PrPres produced in this in vitro assay when seeded with CWD, resembles that found in the most common human prion disease, namely sCJD of the MM1 subtype.
 
Wednesday, January 01, 2014
 
Molecular Barriers to Zoonotic Transmission of Prions
 
*** chronic wasting disease, there was no absolute barrier to conversion of the human prion protein.
 
*** Furthermore, the form of human PrPres produced in this in vitro assay when seeded with CWD, resembles that found in the most common human prion disease, namely sCJD of the MM1 subtype.
 
 
 
Monday, March 03, 2014
 
*** APHIS to Offer Indemnity for CWD Positive Herds as Part of Its Cervid Health Activities ***
 
 
Monday, December 02, 2013
 
WISCONSIN CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE CWD DISCOVERED MARATHON COUNTY HUNTING PRESERVE
 
 
Tuesday, February 11, 2014
 
Wisconsin tracks 81 deer from game farm with CWD buck to seven other states
 
 
Tuesday, February 25, 2014
 
Test results provide current snapshot of CWD in south-central Wisconsin Dane and Eastern Iowa counties Prevalence has increased in all categories
 
 
Thursday, October 03, 2013
 
*** TAHC ADOPTS CWD RULE THAT the amendments **REMOVE** the requirement for a specific fence height for captives
 
Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC) ANNOUNCEMENT October 3, 2013
 
 
 
Wednesday, September 04, 2013
 
*** cwd - cervid captive livestock escapes, loose and on the run in the wild
 
 
Saturday, February 22, 2014
 
New chronic wasting disease rules enhance risks professor John Fischer of the University of Georgia told the 37th meeting of the Southeast Deer Study Group
 
 
Wednesday, March 05, 2014
 
Iowa Brakke Family Wins DNR Legal Case
 
 
PPo4-4:
 
Survival and Limited Spread of TSE Infectivity after Burial
 
Karen Fernie, Allister Smith and Robert A. Somerville The Roslin Institute and R(D)SVS; University of Edinburgh; Roslin, Scotland UK
 
***Risk assessments should take into account the likely long survival rate when infected material has been buried.
 
The authors gratefully acknowledge funding from DEFRA.
 
 
In summary, in endemic areas, there is a medium probability that the soil and surrounding environment is contaminated with CWD prions and in a bioavailable form. In rural areas where CWD has not been reported and deer are present, there is a greater than negligible risk the soil is contaminated with CWD prion.
 
 
 
The BSE Inquiry / Statement No 19B (supplementary) Dr Alan Colchester Issued 06/08/1999 (not scheduled to give oral evidence) SECOND STATEMENT TO THE BSE INQUIRY Dr A Colchester BA BM BCh PhD FRCP Reader in Neurosciences & Computing, University of Kent at Canterbury; Consultant Neurologist, Guy’s Hospital London and William Harvey Hospital Ashford April 1999
 
snip...
 
88. Natural decay: Infectivity persists for a long time in the environment. A study by Palsson in 1979 showed how scrapie was contracted by healthy sheep, after they had grazed on land which had previously been grazed by scrapie-infected sheep, even though the land had lain fallow for three years before the healthy sheep were introduced. Brown also quoted an early experiment of his own (1991), where he had buried scrapie-infected hamster brain and found that he could still detect substantial infectivity three years later near where the material had been placed. 89. Potential environmental routes of infection: Brown discusses the various possible scenarios, including surface or subsurface deposits of TSE-contaminated material, which would lead to a build-up of long-lasting infectivity.
 
snip...
 
 
Infectivity surviving ashing to 600*C is (in my opinion) degradable but infective. based on Bown & Gajdusek, (1991), landfill and burial may be assumed to have a reduction factor of 98% (i.e. a factor of 50) over 3 years. CJD-infected brain-tissue remained infectious after storing at room-temperature for 22 months (Tateishi et al, 1988). Scrapie agent is known to remain viable after at least 30 months of desiccation (Wilson et al, 1950). and pastures that had been grazed by scrapie-infected sheep still appeared to be contaminated with scrapie agent three years after they were last occupied by sheep (Palsson, 1979).
 
 
*** PAUL BROWN SCRAPIE SOIL TEST
 
 
More here:
 
 
 
[PDF] BSE INQUIRY Statement of behalf of the Environment Agency ... his Statement of March 1998 to the BSE Inquiry ... systems subject to regular or intermittent contamination by rapid movement of recharge water ...
 
 
BSE INQUIRY
 
Statement of behalf of the Environment Agency Concerning Thruxted Mill By Mr C. P. Young Principal Hydrogeologist, Soil Waste and Groundwater Group WRc plc; Medmenham, Bucks
 
 
 
Scrapie Agent (Strain 263K) Can Transmit Disease via the Oral Route after Persistence in Soil over Years Published: May 9, 2007 Discussion
 
The results of this research project show for the first time that the scrapie strain 263K remains persistent in soil over a period of at least 29 months and remains highly infectious after oral application to Syrian hamsters. It has to be pointed out that the key results of our time-course study on the fate of PrPSc in soil have been validated, in part by examining blinded samples, at independent laboratories.
 
 
Some unofficial information from a source on the inside looking out -
 
Confidential!!!!
 
As early as 1992-3 there had been long studies conducted on small pastures containing scrapie infected sheep at the sheep research station associated with the Neuropathogenesis Unit in Edinburgh, Scotland. Whether these are documented...I don't know. But personal recounts both heard and recorded in a daily journal indicate that leaving the pastures free and replacing the topsoil completely at least 2 feet of thickness each year for SEVEN years....and then when very clean (proven scrapie free) sheep were placed on these small pastures.... the new sheep also broke out with scrapie and passed it to offspring. I am not sure that TSE contaminated ground could ever be free of the agent!! A very frightening revelation!!!
 
---end personal email---
 
2012
 
PO-039: A comparison of scrapie and chronic wasting disease in white-tailed deer
 
snip...
 
After a natural route of exposure, 100% of WTD were susceptible to scrapie. ...This work demonstrates that WTD are highly susceptible to sheep scrapie, but on first passage, scrapie in WTD is differentiable from CWD.
 
 
2011
 
*** After a natural route of exposure, 100% of white-tailed deer were susceptible to scrapie.
 
 
Research Project: Virus and Prion Research Unit 2011 Annual Report
 
In Objective 1, Assess cross-species transmissibility of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) in livestock and wildlife, numerous experiments assessing the susceptibility of various TSEs in different host species were conducted.
 
Most notable is deer inoculated with scrapie, which exhibits similarities to chronic wasting disease (CWD) in deer suggestive of sheep scrapie as an origin of CWD.
 
This work conducted by ARS scientists at the National Animal Disease Center, Ames, IA suggests that an interspecies transmission of sheep scrapie to deer may have been the origin of CWD. This is important for husbandry practices with both captive deer, elk and sheep for farmers and ranchers attempting to keep their herds and flocks free of CWD and scrapie.
 
 
White-tailed Deer are Susceptible to Scrapie by Natural Route of Infection
 
snip...
 
This work demonstrates for the first time that white-tailed deer are susceptible to sheep scrapie by potential natural routes of inoculation. In-depth analysis of tissues will be done to determine similarities between scrapie in deer after intracranial and oral/intranasal inoculation and chronic wasting disease resulting from similar routes of inoculation.
 
see full text ;
 
 
 
Prevalence of clinical or subclinical CWD infection as detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) of lymphoid tissue or brain in captive herds varies considerably from ,1% in some farmed herds with recent introduction of the disease to essentially 100% in CWD endemic research facilities.111,117,157 Likewise, prevalence varies widely in free-ranging populations from ,1% in deer and elk to ;30% in some local populations of deer103 (W. Cook, personal communication; Wyoming Game and Fish Department and Colorado Division of Wildlife, unpublished data). Prevalence of CWD in elk is lower than in sympatric deer.101
 
snip...
 
 
Sunday, December 06, 2009
 
Detection of Sub-Clinical CWD Infection in Conventional Test-Negative Deer Long after Oral Exposure to Urine and Feces from CWD+ Deer
 
Detection of Sub-Clinical CWD Infection in Conventional Test-Negative Deer Long after Oral Exposure to Urine and Feces from CWD+ Deer
 
Nicholas J. Haley1, Candace K. Mathiason1, Mark D. Zabel1, Glenn C. Telling2, Edward A. Hoover1*
 
1 Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America, 2 Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, United States of America
 
Abstract Top Background Chronic wasting disease (CWD) of cervids is a prion disease distinguished by high levels of transmissibility, wherein bodily fluids and excretions are thought to play an important role. Using cervid bioassay and established CWD detection methods, we have previously identified infectious prions in saliva and blood but not urine or feces of CWD+ donors. More recently, we identified very low concentrations of CWD prions in urine of deer by cervid PrP transgenic (Tg[CerPrP]) mouse bioassay and serial protein misfolding cyclic amplification (sPMCA). This finding led us to examine further our initial cervid bioassay experiments using sPMCA.
 
Objectives We sought to investigate whether conventional test-negative deer, previously exposed orally to urine and feces from CWD+ sources, may be harboring low level CWD infection not evident in the 19 month observation period. We further attempted to determine the peripheral PrPCWD distribution in these animals.
 
Methods Various neural and lymphoid tissues from conventional test-negative deer were reanalyzed for CWD prions by sPMCA and cervid transgenic mouse bioassay in parallel with appropriate tissue-matched positive and negative controls.
 
Results PrPCWD was detected in the tissues of orally exposed deer by both sPMCA and Tg[CerPrP] mouse bioassay; each assay revealed very low levels of CWD prions previously undetectable by western blot, ELISA, or IHC. Serial PMCA analysis of individual tissues identified that obex alone was positive in 4 of 5 urine/feces exposed deer. PrPCWD was amplified from both lymphoid and neural tissues of positive control deer but not from identical tissues of negative control deer.
 
Discussion Detection of subclinical infection in deer orally exposed to urine and feces (1) suggests that a prolonged subclinical state can exist, necessitating observation periods in excess of two years to detect CWD infection, and (2) illustrates the sensitive and specific application of sPMCA in the diagnosis of low-level prion infection. Based on these results, it is possible that low doses of prions, e.g. following oral exposure to urine and saliva of CWD-infected deer, bypass significant amplification in the LRS, perhaps utilizing a neural conduit between the alimentary tract and CNS, as has been demonstrated in some other prion diseases.
 
Citation: Haley NJ, Mathiason CK, Zabel MD, Telling GC, Hoover EA (2009) Detection of Sub-Clinical CWD Infection in Conventional Test-Negative Deer Long after Oral Exposure to Urine and Feces from CWD+ Deer. PLoS ONE 4(11): e7990. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0007990
 
Editor: Jiyan Ma, Ohio State University, United States of America
 
Received: September 29, 2009; Accepted: October 29, 2009; Published: November 24, 2009
 
Copyright: © 2009 Haley et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 
Funding: This work was supported by NIH/NCRR Ruth L. Kirschstein Institutional T32 R07072-03 and NIH/NIAID NO1-AI-25491-02 (EAH, GCT). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
 
Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
 
* E-mail: Edward.Hoover@colostate.edu
 
SNIP...
 
In summary, we provide evidence for the presence of infectious prions in the brains of conventional prion-assay-negative deer orally exposed 19 months earlier to urine and feces from CWD-infected donor deer. This apparent low level of prion infection was amplified by sPMCA, confirmed by Tg[CerPrP] mouse bioassay, and detected only in the obex region of the brain. These results demonstrate the potential for CWD prion transmission via urine and/or feces, and highlight the application of more sensitive assays such as sPMCA in identification of CWD infection, pathogenesis, and prevalence.
 
 
 
I am not one that wants the feds in bed with everything I do, and yet, I am not one that thinks the states have the better ideas all the time, over the feds. it’s a fine line to cross either way. but I do know, sometimes, folks can’t think for themselves when blinded by the almighty dollar. sometimes you just can’t fix stupid. but in this case, we turn a blind eye to CWD, as has been done here. we all loose, while the shooting pens laugh all the way to the bank. for now. ...tss
 
*** Spraker suggested an interesting explanation for the occurrence of CWD. The deer pens at the Foot Hills Campus were built some 30-40 years ago by a Dr. Bob Davis. At or abut that time, allegedly, some scrapie work was conducted at this site. When deer were introduced to the pens they occupied ground that had previously been occupied by sheep. ...
 
also, see where even decades back, the USDA had the same thought as they do today with CWD, not their problem...see page 27 below as well, where USDA stated back then, the same thing they stated in the state of Pennsylvania, not their damn business, once they escape, and they said the same thing about CWD in general back then ;
 
”The occurrence of CWD must be viewed against the contest of the locations in which it occurred. It was an incidental and unwelcome complication of the respective wildlife research programmes. Despite it’s subsequent recognition as a new disease of cervids, therefore justifying direct investigation, no specific research funding was forthcoming. The USDA veiwed it as a wildlife problem and consequently not their province!” ...page 26.
 
 
”The occurrence of CWD must be viewed against the contest of the locations in which it occurred. It was an incidental and unwelcome complication of the respective wildlife research programmes. Despite it’s subsequent recognition as a new disease of cervids, therefore justifying direct investigation, no specific research funding was forthcoming. The USDA veiwed it as a wildlife problem and consequently not their province!” ...page 26.
 
sound familiar $$$
 
Sunday, January 06, 2013
 
USDA TO PGC ONCE CAPTIVES ESCAPE
 
*** "it‘s no longer its business.”
 
 
According to Wisconsin’s White-Tailed Deer Trustee Dr. James Kroll, people who call for more public hunting opportunities are “pining for socialism.”
 
He further states, “(Public) Game management is the last bastion of communism.”
 
“Game Management,” says James Kroll, driving to his high-fenced, two-hundred-acre spread near Nacogdoches, “is the last bastion of communism.”
 
Kroll, also known as Dr. Deer, is the director of the Forestry Resources Institute of Texas at Stephen F. Austin State University, and the “management” he is referring to is the sort practiced by the State of Texas.
 
The 55-year-old Kroll is the leading light in the field of private deer management as a means to add value to the land. His belief is so absolute that some detractors refer to him as Dr. Dough, implying that his eye is on the bottom line more than on the natural world.
 
Kroll, who has been the foremost proponent of deer ranching in Texas for more than thirty years, doesn’t mind the controversy and certainly doesn’t fade in the heat. People who call for more public lands are “cocktail conservationists,” he says, who are really pining for socialism. He calls national parks “wildlife ghettos” and flatly accuses the government of gross mismanagement. He argues that his relatively tiny acreage, marked by eight-foot fences and posted signs warning off would-be poachers, is a better model for keeping what’s natural natural while making money off the land.
 
snip...
 
What does this all mean?
 
My initial reaction, which is one that I predicted when Kroll was named to the state’s deer trustee position, is that his team’s final recommendations — if implemented — will be heavily skewed toward the state’s larger landowners (500+ acres) and folks who own small parcels in areas comprised mostly of private land. It is also my prediction that the final recommendations (again, if implemented) will do little, if anything, to improve deer herds and deer hunting on Wisconsin’s 5.7 million acres of public land. Where does this leave the public-land hunter? “It will suck to be you,” said one deer manager who asked to remain anonymous out of fear for his job. “The resources and efforts will go toward improving the private land sector. This is all about turning deer hunting away from the Public Land Doctrine and more toward a European-style of management — like they have in Texas.”
 
 
Friday, June 01, 2012
 
*** TEXAS DEER CZAR TO WISCONSIN ASK TO EXPLAIN COMMENTS
 
 
Monday, February 11, 2013
 
TEXAS CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE CWD Four New Positives Found in Trans Pecos
 
 
Wednesday, September 04, 2013
 
*** cwd - cervid captive livestock escapes, loose and on the run in the wild
 
 
Thursday, August 08, 2013
 
Characterization of the first case of naturally occurring chronic wasting disease in a captive red deer (Cervus elaphus) in North America
 
 
Wednesday, February 12, 2014
 
Louisiana business, 3 men accused of smuggling deer into Mississippi
 
 
Tuesday, May 28, 2013
 
Chronic Wasting Disease CWD quarantine Louisiana via CWD index herd Pennsylvania Update May 28, 2013
 
6 doe from Pennsylvania CWD index herd still on the loose in Louisiana, quarantine began on October 18, 2012, still ongoing, Lake Charles premises.
 
 
Monday, June 24, 2013
 
The Effects of Chronic Wasting Disease on the Pennsylvania Cervid Industry Following its Discovery
 
 
Monday, June 11, 2012
 
OHIO Captive deer escapees and non-reporting
 
 
Sunday, January 27, 2013
 
Indiana 6 deer missing from farm pose health risk to state herds INDIANA
 
 
how many states have $465,000., and can quarantine and purchase there from, each cwd said infected farm, but how many states can afford this for all the cwd infected cervid game ranch type farms ??
 
Tuesday, December 20, 2011
 
CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE CWD WISCONSIN Almond Deer (Buckhorn Flats) Farm Update DECEMBER 2011
 
The CWD infection rate was nearly 80%, the highest ever in a North American captive herd. RECOMMENDATION: That the Board approve the purchase of 80 acres of land for $465,000 for the Statewide Wildlife Habitat Program in Portage County and approve the restrictions on public use of the site.
 
SUMMARY:
 
 
shooting pens and their cwd testing program is a sham, when they do NOT test all deer. all cervids, of all ages, must be tested for CWD, at least once a year. the excuse of not having a validated cwd test, is just that, an excuse, one that does not hold water with me anymore. same with scrapie and bse. ...tss
 
Saturday, February 04, 2012
 
*** Wisconsin 16 age limit on testing dead deer Game Farm CWD Testing Protocol Needs To Be Revised
 
 
Friday, November 22, 2013
 
*** Wasting disease is threat to the entire UK deer population CWD TSE PRION disease in cervids SINGELTARY SUBMISSION
 
The Scottish Parliament’s Rural Affairs, Climate Change and Environment Committee has been looking into deer management, as you can see from the following press release, ***and your email has been forwarded to the committee for information:
 
 
 
Sunday, July 21, 2013
 
Welsh Government and Food Standards Agency Wales Joint Public Consultation on the Proposed Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (Wales) Regulations 2013 Singeltary Submission WG18417
 
 
Friday, December 14, 2012
 
DEFRA U.K. What is the risk of Chronic Wasting Disease CWD being introduced into Great Britain? A Qualitative Risk Assessment October 2012
 
 
Saturday, June 09, 2012
 
USDA Establishes a Herd Certification Program for Chronic Wasting Disease in the United States
 
 
Wednesday, September 25, 2013
 
USDA Officials: CWD Standards Going to Public Comment Soon
 
 
Sunday, November 3, 2013
 
*** Environmental Impact Statements; Availability, etc.: Animal Carcass Management [Docket No. APHIS-2013-0044]
 
 
Wednesday, January 01, 2014
 
APHIS-2006-0118-0100 Chronic Wasting Disease Herd Certification Program and Interstate Movement of Farmed or Captive Deer, Elk, and Moose
 
 
*** The potential impact of prion diseases on human health was greatly magnified by the recognition that interspecies transfer of BSE to humans by beef ingestion resulted in vCJD. While changes in animal feed constituents and slaughter practices appear to have curtailed vCJD, there is concern that CWD of free-ranging deer and elk in the U.S. might also cross the species barrier. Thus, consuming venison could be a source of human prion disease. Whether BSE and CWD represent interspecies scrapie transfer or are newly arisen prion diseases is unknown. Therefore, the possibility of transmission of prion disease through other food animals cannot be ruled out. There is evidence that vCJD can be transmitted through blood transfusion. There is likely a pool of unknown size of asymptomatic individuals infected with vCJD, and there may be asymptomatic individuals infected with the CWD equivalent. These circumstances represent a potential threat to blood, blood products, and plasma supplies.
 
 
Thursday, January 2, 2014
 
*** CWD TSE Prion in cervids to hTGmice, Heidenhain Variant Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease MM1 genotype, and iatrogenic CJD ?? ***
 
 
***However, they also show that there is no absolute barrier ro conversion of human prion protein in the case of chronic wasting disease.
 
PRION2013 CONGRESSIONAL ABSTRACTS CWD
 
Sunday, August 25, 2013
 
***Chronic Wasting Disease CWD risk factors, humans, domestic cats, blood, and mother to offspring transmission
 
 
Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy TSE PRION update January 2, 2014
 
*** chronic wasting disease, there was no absolute barrier to conversion of the human prion protein.
 
*** Furthermore, the form of human PrPres produced in this in vitro assay when seeded with CWD, resembles that found in the most common human prion disease, namely sCJD of the MM1 subtype.
 
 
 
 
Wednesday, January 15, 2014
 
INFECTION PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF CJD, VCJD AND OTHER HUMAN PRION DISEASES IN HEALTHCARE AND COMMUNITY SETTINGS Variably Protease-Sensitive Prionopathy (VPSPr) January 15, 2014
 
 
OLD HISTORY ON CWD AND GAME FARMS IN USA
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
kind regards, terry
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